It has been reckoned that there are 500,000 causalitieseach year due to the illicit flow of small arms and light weapons. The illicittraffic of small arms and light weapons hinders the development and progress ofeconomies, good governance, and human rights. The majority of illicit smallarms and light weapons began as licensed weaponry and firearms. The diversionand spread of weapons of civilians is one source of weapon supply. There aremany unrestrained government arsenals that are left vulnerable to theft, loss,and diversion.
Brazil completely supports illicit flow small arms and lightweapons and takes it very seriously. Brazil supports the opposition to therisks associated with the illicit flow of small arms and light weapons. AlthoughBrazil has signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013 and has not been ratifiedyet by the lower house of Congress of Brazil, Brazil believes that the ATT shouldhave forbid arms transfers to unauthorized non-state actors. Brazil alsobelieves that Brazil must weapons must be differentiated into conflict andnon-conflict situations to determine the severity of the cases.
Since 2001,Brazil had tackled many efforts to adequately and effectively put in place theProgramme of Action. In December 2003, the Disarmament Statute was enforced, anew legal and restrictive framework for the control of small arms, lightweapons and ammunition. The newly set law has bettered the National ArmsRegistration System and placed strenuous conditions for issuing gun ownershiplicenses. In 2004, the Brazilian Government and civil society commenced a majordisarmament campaign across the nation to promote a culture of peace, liftpublic awareness of the dangers of firearm possession and promote theirvoluntary expulsion. Regulations have been placed by the Ministry of Defense of Brazilwhich made it mandatory that all ammunition must have individual identities. Inturn, this has greatly improved the capability of the Brazilian police tocombat the illicit circulation of ammunition. The initiatives have ushered areduction of 8.
2 percent in 2004 of deaths engendered by firearms in Brazil.Brazil is willing to keep the number of causalities engendered by firearms lowered.Brazil fully supported the Programme of Action adopted by the 2001United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weaponsin All Its Aspects and pledged to contribute to its execution. It has also commenceda series of initiatives in all fields related to oppose the illicit flows ofweaponry and ammunition. In addition, it has also taken collaborative campaignswith other governments at the regional and sub-regional levels which have beensupported by vital assistance from the organized civil society.