Introduction:The future for all of Canada’s fishing resources is dependant on how we use and manage them. As time continues, there will always be a large demand for fish resources, with new treatment and nutrition methods arising, for both international and Canadian consumers. An example is Tilapia skin for burns.
1 There have been instances where poor management had resulted for the worse. The government, citizens, and companies in Canada all need to do their part and work collaboratively if we want to not only keep our fish resources stable, but all resources stable, in order to meet the needs of future generations. How we use and manage fishing resources now: Canada generates an abundant amount of revenue through the fishing industry.
Canada had sold $6.6billion dollars worth of fish and seafood overseas in 2016 to 136 countries worldwide.2 There are nearly 72,000 Canadians working in the fishing or fishing activities industry worldwide to make a living.
3 The governmental organization Fisheries and Oceans Canada (also known as DFO) is responsible for regulating sustainable fisheries in Canada.4 The DFO create laws to sustain the population of fish in our waters. They are responsible for keeping fish and sea life at good populations, allowing the types of gear and technology that could be used, and the type of fish that could be kept.5 In order to regulate these laws, they have over 630 fishery officers and 100 habitat officers to make sure fish harvesters comply with the laws.6 Regional governments also implement laws they think is beneficial for fish.
In Ontario, there are 20 fishing zones, with us being in zone 16 here in Mississauga, each zone with varying rules.7 Each zone has varying rules on; restrictions on being able to keep fishing larger or shorter than the specific size, daily catch limit, time you are allowed to fish, as well as the type of license you have, which could be a Conservation license or a Sport-Fishing license.8Canada’s fishing use rate: People are losing their jobs and are resulting in a drastic decline in the economy. Studies have shown that ? of fish stocks are declining in Canada, and only ? of fisheries examined were allowing the fish to recover.9Problems that could arise from poor management: There are many problems that could evolve from poor management. Poor management had lead to the collapse of the East Coast fishery in 1992, where 40,000 Canadians had lost their jobs because the population of cod had dropped significantly.10 The West Coast Fishery had also collapsed in the same year, both resulted from the lack of communication between the US and Canada, changes in temperature, and overfishing.
11 Overfishing may result in a collapse of another fishery, like the Lobster Fishery, higher prices for fish and fish-related products. Conclusion: It’s very important for Canadians to understand the declining fish rates and obey the laws in place to avoid problems like higher fish prices, as well as not risking the chance to have people lose their jobs and a weaker economy.