Introduction XX century, during the childhood of the author

IntroductionIn 2017, while I was making a research about thebest books in the world, I ran into the book “To Kill a Mockingbird” ,writtenby Harper Lee. The rating of this book was awesome,which made it a must-read tome.So in the weeking I went to the DNR book store in Istanbul and I bought thisbook. It was awesome! I took a lot of lessons from this book,mostly aboutmanliness,which I would like to share with you,but after the summary. Summary”To Kill a Mockingbird” is a firstnovel of such rare excellence that it will no doubt make a great many readersslow down to relish the more fully its simple distinction. It passes the testwith honors.

 The noveltakes place in the city of Maycombe, Alabama in the thirties of the XX century,during the childhood of the author himself. The unhurried provincial life ofthis typical, “slovenly” southern city “explodes” by alawsuit over the foolishly accused of violence against the white girl Negro TomRobinson. All his events are shown through the prism of the perception of theeight-year-old girl Jean Louise. This principle of narration makes the storyalive, entertaining. The world of childhood, filled with special smells,sensations, mysteries, “horror stories”, games, discoveries andknowledge of the surrounding reality, captures the reader from the first pagesand magically holds to the last. This is the main charm and attraction of thenovel “To Kill a Mockingbird”.

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Harper Leecan almost always accurately maintain intonation, the style of thoughts andperceptions inherent in an eight-year-old child. The choice of the epigraph isnot accidental: “Lawyers, probably, too, once were children” (CharlesLam). Jean Louise does not analyze the events, but emotionally, sincerely andsharply reacts to the falsity and injustice of the world around him, is perplexedabout the inconsistency and illogicality of adults (they condemn Hitler andfascism, but are indifferent to racial problems in their country, talk abouthuman rights and dignity and prejudiced and cruel to the innocent Tom,assessing the spiritual qualities of people by the color of the skin). For JeanLouise (nicknamed “Glasastic”) the essence of people in theirkindness. All of them are “the same” for her, that is, good. Thevoice of the main character is often joined by the voice of her alter ego,grown up and wise by the experience of Harper Lee herself. It sounds not onlyin detailed digressions about the history of Meikomb, the history of the Finchfamily, but also in the position and words of the equally important hero of thenovel – father Louise, attorney Attkus Finch. Harper Lee once noticed that his(Fincha) “the concept of life is the heart of the novel.

” Drawing onhimself the wrath and contempt of almost the entire white population of thetown, he takes on the hopeless business of the black Tom Robinson. AtticusFinch not with words but with an act demonstrates to his children his lifecredo: “before the court all are equal, and if not me, then who?” -chivalry and love for all people.With specialsympathy and love, H. Lee presents in the novel “Kill a mockingbird”black fellow citizens. Here there are no bad and evil, on the contrary, allevil and injustice comes from whites.

This fact allowed some American literarycritics to see “typical for many white writers of America and not alwaysjustified idealization of Negroes, their natural kindness” and call thistrend “the black racism of white writers-southerners”. However, thisdefinition can be challenged by the position of the writer, clearly expressedin the novel: all people are created free and equal in rights, regardless ofskin color, and to protect the humiliated and insulted real people who are nottoo few. The title of the novel – “To kill a mockingbird” – containsthe hope for a fair punishment of a scoundrel who questions this basic idea of??humanism and democracy. Lesson from “ToKill a Mockingbird” :·        A man does the job no one elsewants to do.·        A man lives with integrity everyday.·        The most important form ofcourage is moral courage.·        Live with quiet dignity.·        Cultivating empathy isparamount.·        Teach your children by example.