INTRODUCTIONThe function of religion is to explain the unexplained, therebygiving humanity a sense of comfort in a world of chaos. Food, as it sustainslife, is an essential part of religious symbols, rituals and customs, dailylife deeds aimed at establishing an orderly relationship with the spiritual orsupernatural realms. Many of the characteristics that shape dietary habits comefrom religious laws. Throughout the world, many people tend to eat or avoidcertain foods according to their religious beliefs. Differences in dietassociated with religion should be considered when designing a balanced diet. CHRISTIANITYChristianity is a religion based on the teachings and miracles ofJesus.
Jesus was anointed from God the Father who came into the world,fulfilled the Old Testament laws and prophecies, died on the cross, and rosefrom the dead physically. Christianity teaches that there is only one God inall existence, that God made the universe, the Earth, and created Adam and Eve.In the world, more people follow Christianity than any other religion. Thedominant three branches of Christianity are Roman Catholics, Eastern OrthodoxChristians and Protestantism. The conviction of Christian faith is found in theApostles and the Creed of Nicene. This belief explains that people are savedthrough the grace of God, Jesus’ life and death, and his resurrection asChrist.
For most Christian sacraments mark the main stage of worship andretain individual worshipers. The observed sacraments, and their manner ofobservation, differ among Christian groups. The seventh Roman Catholicsacrament, for example, baptism (entering the church of Christ), confirmation,(the soul receiving the Holy Spirit), the Eucharist (taking part in the sacredpresence by sharing bread and wine), marriage (the unity of a man and a womanthrough love) unification (healing of mind, spirit and body), peace (rejectionand confession) and the ordination of scholars. ROMAN CATHOLICISMThe largest number of people who follow Christian religion in theUnited States which is Roman Catholics. The number of Roman Catholics in theworld (almost 1.1 billion) is higher than most other religious traditions.
There are more Roman Catholics than all the combined Christians and more RomanCatholics than all Buddhists or Hindus. Although there are more Muslims thanRoman Catholics, the number of Roman Catholics is greater than the Sh?’ite andSunni Islam traditions. ROMAN CATHOLICS FEAST DAYSThe Roman Catholic Day is a day set aside to remember people andimportant events through the journey of Faith from the birth of Mary all daythrough this day honoring the saints. In addition to Christmas (the birth ofChrist) and Easter (Christ’s resurrection after the crucifixion), Americans inthe United States also celebrate New Year’s Day, Announcements (March 25), PalmSunday (Sunday before Easter) (forty days after Easter), Sunday Pentecost(fifty days after Easter), Assumption (15 August), All Saint’s Day (1November), and Immaculate Conception (8th December). ROMAN CATHOLICS FAST DAYThe Catholic Church historically observes the discipline of fastingand abstinence at various times each year. For Catholics, fasting is areduction in food intake, while abstinence refers to the deferment of meat (orother types of food).
The Catholic Church teaches that all people are requiredby God to redeem their sins, and the redemptive acts are personal and physical.The purpose of fasting is spiritual, self-discipline, imitation of Christ, andredemption.For Roman Catholics, fasting only confirms one full meal per day inthe afternoon.
You can still consumed food intake in the morning or evening.The abstinence law requires a Catholic aged 14 years to refrain from eatingmeat on Friday to respect the Passion of Jesus on Good Friday. Meat isconsidered as meat and organs of mammals and poultry. Also prohibited is thesoup or gravies they make. Salt and fish species, amphibians, reptiles and fishshells are permitted, and animal products such as margarine and gelatin thathave no meat taste.The fasting law requires Catholics from the 18th Anniversary (Canon97) to the 59th Anniversary, to reduce the amount of food consumed from theusual.
The church defines this as one serving a day, and two small meals thatif added together will not exceed the main meal in quantity. Such a fastingmust be at Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. Fasting can be break by eatingbetween food and drink that can be considered as food (milk shake, but notmilk). Alcoholic beverages do not break the fast, but they seem to be inconflict with the spirit of redemption.In addition to those who are out of age, those who are not minded,sick, weak, pregnant or breastfeeding women according to the need for meat orfood, manual labor according to their needs, are people who are excused fromfasting or abstinence. EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITYThe Eastern Orthodox Church is like the old Catholic Roman CatholicBranch, even though are unusual in the United States. The Orthodox Churchconsists of fourteen churches, five of them which are Constantinople. Alexandria (Egyptian Coptic Church), Antioch,Jerusalem and Cyprus.
FEAST DAYS IN EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITYEastern Orthodox festivals are Christmas, Theophany, Annunciation,Easter (First Sunday after the full moon after March 21), Ascension (40 daysafter Easter), Transfiguration and the Birth of Theotocos of the Holy. Easteris the most important holiday in Eastern Orthodox religion and is celebrated onthe first Sunday after the full moon after March 21, but not the JewishPassover. FAST DAYS IN THE EASTERN ORTHODOXSome strict rules for fasting are found in the Eastern OrthodoxChurch. During the Lenten season, there are days when members are encouraged torestrict their food strictly or avoid eating altogether.
Lent is the forty days before Easter. On the third Sunday beforeLent (Meat Fare Sunday), all the meat inside the house is eaten. On Sundaysbefore Lent (Cheese Fare Sunday), all cheese, eggs and butter in the house areeaten. The next day, Net Monday, Lenten quickly started. During the second weekof Lent, full meals are only allowed on Wednesdays and Fridays. However, manymembers do not follow the rule. On weekdays is a quarantine of meat, eggs,dairy, fish, wine and oil which are limited. This also applies to any foodproducts that contain these items.
A week before Leprosy, all animal products,including meat, are cannot be eaten. Good Friday is a day for a completefasting where a member is encouraged not to eat anything.Those who receive Holy Communion on Sunday refrain from food anddrink before the service. Fasting is considered a chance to prove that the soulcan rule the body. On a quick day, no meat or animal products (milk, eggs,butter and cheese) are eaten. Fish is also avoided, but shellfish are usuallyallowed. The older Orthodox followers of Greece or the more obedient did notuse olive oil in quick days, but would eat olives.
PROTESTANTISMThe 16th-century religious movement known as the Reformationestablished by the Protestant churches by questioning the practices of theRoman Catholic Church and ultimately separating itself from its teachings. Theman who are primarily responsible for the Reformation was Martin Luther, aGerman Augustinian monk who taught theology. He started the movement in 1517, whenhe patted a document containing 95 protests against some Catholic practice atthe castle’s door at Wittenberg.
He then expanded his position. Ten yearslater, some countries and Germany organized the Protestant Lutheran Churchbased on the teachings of Martin Luther.The most important food ordinance in Protestant churches is theEucharist, also called communion, or the Lord’s Supper. However, apart from theliquid and bread as the piece offered, there is little consistency in thecelebration of this procedure. It may indicate a meeting with the presence of aliving God, remembering the Passover Module that Jesus attended, the continuityof tradition through society, or the individual spiritual experience. Althoughwine is traditional, many churches change to grape juice during the Prohibitionand continue this generous practice.
Some churches offer wine / juices in asingle shared cup, while others provide small and separate cups.Many liturgical churches, such as the Lutheran church, offer awafer similar to Catholic practice. Others like Methodist, often use breadpellets. There are experts in baking for bread and many denominations only usecut white bread.
FASTING PRACTICES IN PROTESTANT CHURCHESAmong many Protestant churches, there are various suggestions onfasting during Leprosy. This is a result of the Reformation where leaders suchas Martin Luther and John Calvin want new believers to focus on salvation bythe grace of God rather than traditional spiritual disciplines.The Gathering of the Lord views fasting as a form of self-controland is an important practice, though it is not obligatory. The members canvoluntarily and privately decide to practice them with the understanding thatit is not done to calm the favor of God.· TheBaptist Church has not set aday of fasting, either. This practice is a personal decision when a memberwants to strengthen his relationship with God. · TheEpiscopal Church is one of thefew that specifically urges fasting during Leprosy.
In particular, experts areasked to fast, pray, and give alms to Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. · TheLutheran Church deliversfasting in Augsburg Recognition. He says, “We do not condemn the fastingitself, but the tradition that sets certain days and certain flesh, with thedanger of conscience, as if these were the necessary services.” Therefore,although it is not required in a particular fashion or during Quarantine, thechurch has no problem with the members fast with the right intentions. · TheMethodist Church also seesfasting as the personal concern of its members and has no regulation about it.However, the church encourages members to avoid indulgences such as favoritefoods, hobbies, and entertainment such as watching TV during Leprosy. · ThePresbyterian Church also takes avoluntary approach.
It is seen as a practice that can bring members closer toGod, rely on Him for help, and help them against oppression.SEVENTH DAY ADVENTISTSSeventh-day Adventist Church recognizes the autonomy of everyindividual and the power of his choice given by God. Instead of controlling thebehavioral standards, Adventists call upon each other to live as a positiveexample of God’s love and care. Some of these examples are by maintaininghealth and trusting that God calling us to take care of our bodies, treatingthem with respect for divine creation worthy. The size and advantages, even ifsomething good, can hurt our health.The practice of Adventism is very different from the church to thechurch. Some are more conservative, others are more liberal.
Some examples are:· Homosexuality: Similar to all conservative Christian denominations, SDA does notallow homosexual ordination. Loving, having the same sex partner are cannot bemarried or have their recognized or blessed from other people. · Sabbath: Perhaps the most obvious practice that distinguishes them frommost other Christian churches is that they follow observing Saturday as theirweekly Sabbath (from Friday to sunset). Their religious education classes arecalled the Sabbath School, not Sunday school. Some followers greet “HappySabbath” when they meet.
· Education:Higher education is highly respected in the church. The rate of collegegraduates among Seventh-Day Adventist membership is about twice the US nationalaverage.Adventists believe the welfare key lies in a balanced and simplelife. Nature creates a lot of good things that lead to lively health. Purewater, fresh air and sunlight, when properly used, can promote a clean andhealthy life.
Exercise and avoid harmful substances such as tobacco, alcoholand mind-changing material lead to clear thinking and wise choices. A balancedvegetarian diet that avoids the use of meat coupled with intake of legumes,cereals, nuts, fruits and vegetables, along with the source of vitamin B12,will promote healthy health. Adventists believe that illness is a result of a violation ofhealth law. Vegetarian is generally practiced because the Bible states that thediet in Eden does not include meat. Most Adventists are lacto-ovo-vegetarians(dairy products and eggs, but not meat). Some take the meat, but they avoidpork and mussels. Mrs. White encourages the use of nuts and nuts instead ofmeat, replacing vegetable oils for animal fat, and using whole grains in bread.
Like Mormons, Adventists do not drink tea, coffee, or alcohol anddo not use tobacco products. Water is considered the best liquid that should beeaten only before and after eating, not during meals. Food that are highlyseasoned and contained hot spices such as mustard, chilli powder and blackpepper are avoided.
Eating between meals is not recommended for food to beproperly digested. ISSUES ABOUT FOOD ALLERGIES VS FEASTING AND FELLOWSHIP IN THECHURCHEating can be a source of fellowship, but in a fallen and allergicworld, it can also challenge. For most people, eating is a wonderfulopportunity for Christian fellowship. But for people with allergies, it can bea source of division and isolation.
The festivals of the Church that serve as asymbol of unity and Christian identity can be complicated in the fallen world.The common celebration is good, but it can also be complicated. If we want tolove our brothers in Christ well, then it is time to think deeply about foodsensitivities and their relationship with Christian hospitality andself-sacrifice.Food allergies cases are increasing. We know friends and familymembers who have food allergies. Maybe we have allergies by ourselves.
Giventhe reach of social media, we also hear the stories of children and teens whohave experienced anaphylactic shock after a bite of Rich Krispies Treat. Thecause of food allergies is unclear but the effect can be irritating such asskin reactions, eczema, rashes, itching and watery eyes, and congestion. For othersthey are life threatening because of breathing difficulties, obstruction ofrespiratory tract or swollen tongue, dropping blood pressure, chest pain, lossof consciousness and sometimes death.
For those with food allergies, the shared schedule can be aminefield. Since risk allergies arise to the church, many churches begin to setup food policies as they are in school. Some will label meals that are allergen-freeor set them on a table set to reduce pollution, while others offer gluten-freebread for communion. As allergic awareness grows, so does the church’s abilityto bear the burden of those who endanger their health every time they gather toeat as a congregation.
Church members are also beginning to bear their burdens byrecognizing the differences between the risk of allergy and the preference offood present in various bodies. If two decades ago have seen an increase infood allergies, they also see growing interest in food sources, with manyconsumers increasingly becoming aware of what they take into their bodies anddoing the food just clean, organic, or local food. CONCLUSIONThe dominant three branches of Christianity are Roman Catholics,Eastern Orthodox Christians and Protestantism.
Food rules differ from onedenomination or another Christian group, with some groups not observing anyrestrictions. Some days of fasting are observed by Catholic and OrthodoxChristians on certain days such as Good Friday or during Leprosy. Inconclusion, the choice of food is caused by different causes and religions.Understanding the role of food in cultural and religious practices is animportant part of showing respect and response to others from differentreligions.