International such as Beitz or Pogge, set the questions

International relations as a discipline
began to develop in the beginning of the XXth century. According to the
historian E. H. Carr and the theoretician H. J. Morgenthau, the international
relations by their nature had a misconception. Instead of individualistic
behaviour in the world political arena, nations could have cooperated in order
to ensure security for other countries and to get reasonable dividends. Peace
can be provided only under the condition of negotiation and cooperation. Nevertheless,
the heal-all efforts of the utopists to change the existing problems in the bud
can worsen the system.

An increased interest towards this
discipline has grown after the First World War with the creation of the Chair
of International Relations, when the international relations became a question of
current interest and heated discussion. In order to anticipate a human
behaviour from avoiding the horridness of the FWW, the major representatives of
the political schools were debating: Hedley Bull, Noam Chomsky, Steve Smith,
etc. Some adherents of gnoseological discussions about the approaches of
studying, such as Beitz or Pogge, set the questions about our very knowledge of
the political world. Although these debates lead to more questions about the
very idea of the theory of international relations, the principal focus remains
on the appropriate method of analysing the world’s politics in order to
understand its nature.

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The FWW undermined faith of many people in
the very idea of diplomacy. Old liberal foundations were destroyed with the
understanding that human life costed nothing, and as Nietzsche said: God is
dead. That is why it was compulsory to understand the essential reasons why the
civilized European society, the cradle of Renaissance Humanity, allowed this
terror happen and how to avoid repeating the same mistake in the future
generations. Some realists claimed that desperation and blunder of some
politicians and established anarchic global order lead to the war, while
idealists suggested to make the heads of the countries reckon with international
opinion. Unfortunately, crushed naïve idealists’ ideas after the Second World
War and Cold War showed a preponderance of the realists’ theory.