International relations as a disciplinebegan to develop in the beginning of the XXth century. According to thehistorian E. H. Carr and the theoretician H. J.
Morgenthau, the internationalrelations by their nature had a misconception. Instead of individualisticbehaviour in the world political arena, nations could have cooperated in orderto ensure security for other countries and to get reasonable dividends. Peacecan be provided only under the condition of negotiation and cooperation. Nevertheless,the heal-all efforts of the utopists to change the existing problems in the budcan worsen the system.
An increased interest towards thisdiscipline has grown after the First World War with the creation of the Chairof International Relations, when the international relations became a question ofcurrent interest and heated discussion. In order to anticipate a humanbehaviour from avoiding the horridness of the FWW, the major representatives ofthe political schools were debating: Hedley Bull, Noam Chomsky, Steve Smith,etc. Some adherents of gnoseological discussions about the approaches ofstudying, such as Beitz or Pogge, set the questions about our very knowledge ofthe political world. Although these debates lead to more questions about thevery idea of the theory of international relations, the principal focus remainson the appropriate method of analysing the world’s politics in order tounderstand its nature.
The FWW undermined faith of many people inthe very idea of diplomacy. Old liberal foundations were destroyed with theunderstanding that human life costed nothing, and as Nietzsche said: God isdead. That is why it was compulsory to understand the essential reasons why thecivilized European society, the cradle of Renaissance Humanity, allowed thisterror happen and how to avoid repeating the same mistake in the futuregenerations.
Some realists claimed that desperation and blunder of somepoliticians and established anarchic global order lead to the war, whileidealists suggested to make the heads of the countries reckon with internationalopinion. Unfortunately, crushed naïve idealists’ ideas after the Second WorldWar and Cold War showed a preponderance of the realists’ theory.