initiated conflicts. The unstable
government lacked time to deliver to its citizens thus contributing to poverty
in the country following the decline in the economy (State.gov, 2017).
World Bank and IMF
Following the desperate situation of
Zimbabwe concerning its declined economy, World Bank and The International
Monetary Fund (IMF), introduced economic structural adjustments programs (ESAP)
trying to get the country out of poverty and debt (Gogo, 2011).
The world bank strategy to reduce poverty had a negative impact on the economy
of the country by increasing its economic crisis. When compared, the post-ESAP
period, Zimbabwe experienced adverse poverty than it was the prior
implementation of the ESAP program. The IMF policies contributed to more
adverse poverty and poor resource distribution. Some of the policies including
trade, monetary exchange rate, and other social policies were introduced at the
same time. These policies dismantled the economy controls of this country.
Again, during the implementation of the above policies and programs, Zimbabwe
was faced with other external factors such as drought making it difficult to
restore the fallen economy (Gogo, 2011).
Logically, acquiring a loan from the World Bank was not a solution to its
economic crisis rather it worsened because it increased the debt.
Poverty and healthcare issues have prevented Africa from prospering as a
country in ways that can be detrimental. Following some issues such as
political crisis, droughts, and mismanagement of resources, African countries
have challenges in improving managing their economic input for essential
developments such as healthcare and infrastructure. Additionally, Africa has a
high level of poverty due to the ever-lasting conflicts. Since independent,
most countries have experienced political crisis which is a major cause of
instability. The political conflicts have been used to gain leadership thus
causing divisions among the citizens. Again, the political divisions are
steered by tribalism thus contributing to wars. Following the instability of
the African countries, their economy has consistently declined to render them
poor and unable to run their functions. The poverty level has also affected the
healthcare system as well making it difficult to serve the citizens. The poor
health care system is attributed to the increased mortality among children and
the aged. Corruption is another major cause of poverty and lack of healthcare
in Africa since most of the public resources are getting wasted. Corruption is
accountable for the greater cause of poverty as compared to other cases such as
drought. The possible solution to these issues is proper leadership. With
proper leadership, all public resources will be managed appropriately. Again,
proper leadership will curb some of the issues such as corruption. To restore the
falling economy and to enhance development, a change of the political regime is