In the middle ages of 1400, an educated European man would have believed; that god controlled everything in the world (that includes weather), the earth was the center of the universe and that the sun, moon, and stars rotated around the earth. Lastly, the European man would have also believed that illness was a punishment from god. Before the Renaissance happened, these beliefs and ideals were carried on for hundreds of years, but the ideals and beliefs of the middle ages were questioned when the Renaissance period occurred. Renaissance is a French word, which translated into English means; “Rebirth”, and is used to describe the time between 1400-1700 were the beliefs and ideals of the time began to be challenged and questioned. There were changes in science, religious beliefs, and artistic expression. Some of the great minds of the Renaissance that helped new discovery is; Andreas Vesallius, Galileo Galilei, and Sir Isaac Newton.
Vesallius was an expert on the human body. He dissected and examined human bodies when nobody else would, because of the time; people thought it was immoral. Their argument against the acts of Vesallius were; “human bodies is gods creation”, his actions were even illegal in most European countries. A judge in modern day Italy, allowed Vesallius to examine the bodies of criminals that has been sentenced to death. This meant, Vesallius could draw detailed pictures of the body and organs inside of it; which lead to the book he wrote called “The Fabric of The Human Body”. This allowed doctors and scientists to improve their understanding of the human body, instead of relying on dissecting pigs to understand the human body.
The next person is Galileo. Galileo was a scientist who studied the stars and planets; he built the first telescoped and proved to the world that the earth moves around the sun, and not the other way around like how it was previously believed. Galileo was also the first person to discover the craters on the moon and the four moons of Jupiter. Like most great minds of the time, people went against his beliefs and believed he was going against the church for; arguing that the sun was the center of our solar system. Galileo’s discoveries were revolutionary in many aspect, but the discovery of the sun being in the center of our solar system instead of the earth. Unfortunately, he was forbidden to teach his findings and was put under lifetime house arrest because, the church feared his beliefs would get popular.
Finally, the last great mind of the Renaissance was Sir Isaac Newton. Newton was a mathematician and physicist who developed many ideas of modern day math and science. Historians argue that he is the most influential scientist to ever live. For example, he discovered; white light is composed of all the colours, which can be seen in a rainbow. He also had a huge impact on astronomy, by defining the Laws of Motion, and proposing that all objects in the universe are affected by gravity.
In Conclusion, the Renaissance was a time of revolutionary change because the great minds of the time helped us move forward the knowledge of science and biology. Without the Renaissance; who knows how that would’ve impacted our society and beliefs of the world today. We could be still thinking that God effects the earth in every aspect and that the earth is at the center of our universe. But because of great minds like; Andreas Vesallius, Galileo Galilei, and Sir Isaac Newton, we are far more advanced in the world of science and all aspects of life because of their beliefs and findings.