In order for the penguins to succeed, they had to develop groups of strong teams. The head penguin, Louis, has many different ideas on what could be the best possible way to save the iceberg. After thinking through all of the possible solutions, he comes to the conclusion that not even the best leader could have every answer needed to solve the problem, and with that, Louis decides to form a group with 4 other penguins to help him. Louis decided on these four penguins because they are each very skilled in different ways, and each way can help solve the crisis (Kotter, 49). This group of penguins with specialized skills that Louis created works to lead all the penguins to safety. Having a team that is full of members that all have unique skill sets whose purpose is to lead the colony makes accomplishing the task at hand more efficient. Having penguins with different skills that complement each other is very effective because it allows for individual ideas to be converted into plans of action. It also works well because each of the 5 penguins care deeply about the issue and are extremely motivated to save the colony and solve the problem.Strong Leadership The teams do play a big part in the saving of the iceberg, but Louis acting as the role of the leader plays a huge part in the success of the colony. Louis is an intelligent, trustworthy and fair penguin, and none of the other penguins in the colony ever have anything bad to say about him (Kotter, 80). Louis is well liked within the colony because he does not act as if he is capable of everything, and he actually values the opinions and the feedback of other penguins in the colony. He makes the environment comfortable for the other penguins, and does not intimidate them; instead, he encourages them to share their ideas and thoughts with him (Kotter, 72). He keeps all of the penguins under control, but is not too strict to the point of being scary. This leadership style is a good one for the situation Louis has been put in; the problem that he needs to solve is very complex, so the input of others can really help him. Although Louis makes all the final decisions, he takes into consideration the ideas and thoughts of all of the other penguins before making his final call. By doing this Louis makes all of the penguins feel valued and that is what makes them want to work harder to come up with new ideas and solutions. Luckily for Louis, most of the penguins in the colony are always buzzing with new ideas and are eager to share them which makes this style of leadership extremely successful. However, there are certain penguins (like Nono) in the colony who never want to help solve the issue at hand. It is a good thing that there aren’t many penguins like Nono, because if there were, this management technique would not work well for Louis. This is because in order for democratic leadership styles to work, the community has to put in an effort to provide ideas and opinions. Time is also a big component in the leadership style Louis uses. The colony does have a timeline that they have to obey, but it is not one that is forcing them to be in a time crunch. The issue is that when you use a leadership system that takes the input of tons of other individuals, it is extremely time consuming, and would not work at all if the penguins had a very close deadline. A different leadership style Louis could use, if he was on a time constraint, would be an authoritative leadership style.Recognizing the Importance of Change The penguins ability to respond to change is the most important part of their plan to save their home. As the iceberg continued to melt and the circumstances became increasingly severe, the penguins had to act in an appropriate, effective way to find a solution. Since they had never had to deal with such severe changes in their environment before, it was extremely challenging to convince penguins in the colony that they must make a change in their lifestyle. Penguins fear that if they are unable to properly adapt to new circumstances, they may not be wanted in the colony anmore, and this results in them disliking change (Kotter, 92). This makes it very challenging for the penguins to deal with the external change, because they are unable to control it, but they also are unable to ignore it. If the penguins do not act quickly they put themselves in extreme danger of being homeless. It is very important for the leaders in the colony to convince their fellow penguins that what they are saying is true. They need the rest of the colony to believe that the situation they are in requires a big change. In order to do this, the leaders in the colony must use the chain management process. The chain management process has four steps; preparation, acceptance, implementation, and commitment. The first step of this process involves distinguishing the root of the problem, and creating a leadership team that will be put incharge of resolving the issue. The team has to learn how to work with everyone in the group, and come up with a solution to the issue. Then, the leaders must convince the rest of the penguins that change is inevitable, and they should not be afraid of what is to come. They then have to arrange a colony meeting to discuss their ideas with the rest of the penguins, and explain to the colony that each individual has the opportunity to communicate their ideas and opinions. The group of leaders then create a slogan that can be known by all of the penguins, the slogan they chose was ‘the nomadic solution is logical’ (Kotter, 80). Having this slogan be displayed everywhere helps ingrain in the penguins mind the speech about change that their leaders made, which forces them to realize that they can not escape this problem. This way of communication results in penguins accepting the vision that the leaders have, and sparks an interest in them which eaves them to wonder “how can I contribute?”. This is called the implementation stage, it is where all different kinds of ideas and opinions are put into action. In the penguin colony, ths step results in having the young penguins stay home to catch ish for the scouts, while the scouts leave to go search and explore for a new place to live. By doing this the colony can see how they are rewarded when they put in lots of effort to try and find a solution to the issue. Since this is a major change for the penguin colony they experience issues that they have never been faced with before, but they use their creative thinking skills to resolve the complications as soon as possible. The final step in the change management process is commitment, and for the penguins, this takes place after they have found a new home. The penguins accept that they can not revert back to their old habits just because they have found a new home, instead the have to keep moving forward (Kotter, 117). The penguins begin to form a new way of life that reflects on their past errors, and values and understands the importance of change. The change management process was an extremely effective technique to get a colony that has always feared change, to actually persevere through the change and embrace the new situation.