In pathway the construction of transportation vehicles and their

In the last few decades, rail industry is facing considerableinvestments, which enabled us todevelop our civilization with unexpected consequences that nobody expected.Trains have been modernized over time in the several aspects, leading to thecreation of the two best trains in our time such as Magnetic Levitation(Maglev) and High-speed rail (HSR) trains.

Today more and more countriesare taking an interest in this two trains, especially USA, where rail industryis an important policy issue. This topic is relevant to society due tothe fact that trains are not only the main transport system which allow toundertake long trips in a considerable amount of time, but also it has animpressive contribution to the development of economy. As a student followingphysics and mathematics pathway the construction of transportation vehicles andtheir comparison of their physical aspects is of the interest and relevance. This research will show that,even though, there are several problems connected to Maglev trains, such asinvestment and maintenance cost, it has significant superior compared to HSR interms of physical aspects, safety and reliability and impact onenvironment.      List of Research Questions:1.    What are the main rail transport systems in the USA?2.

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    Do Maglev trains have less impact to environment thanHSR trains?3.    How much of financialinvestment do both types of trains require?4.    How do Maglev and HSR measure for acceleration andspeed?5.    Which type of trains is reliable and safer?Section 2Outline of Main Ideas 1.   Introduction2.   High-Speed Ground Transportation Systems                        2.

1.Magnetic Levitation trains (Jaiaramanand Sundaram 2015)                        2.2. High-speed railtrains (Vuchic andCasello 2002)    3. Recent Developments and Current Issues (Ziemke 2010)    4. Comparison between trains4.1. Technicalaspects                                    4.

1.1.Acceleration (Schach, Jehle, and Naumann 2006)            4.1.2.

Travel speed (Lui and Deng 2003)4.1.3. Flexibility intrack alignment (Lee, Kim and Lee)                         4.2. Environmental impacts                                   4.2.1.

Noise emission (Lui and Deng 2003)                                   4.2.2.Interference with the Natural Environment (Ziemke 2010)                                   4.

2.3.Pollutant emissions 4.3. Economic Aspects                                   4.

3.1Investment cost (Ziemke 2010)                                    4.3.

2Maintenance and Rehabilitation cost                                         4.3.3Energy cost and consumption       4.4.

Safety andReliability (Ziemke 2010)    Section3Firstannotated sourceVuchic, Vukan R., andJeffrey M. Casello. 2002. “An evaluation of maglev technology and itscomparison with high speed rail.

” Transportation Quarterly 56.2:33-50.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jeffrey_Casello/publication/297471032_An_Evaluation_of_Maglev_Technology_and_Its_Comparison_With_High_Speed_Rail/links/54c8ef710cf289f0ced124d5/An-Evaluation-of-Maglev-Technology-and-Its-Comparison-With-High-Speed-Rail.pdf  The leaderauthor, Vuchic Vukan spent more than 40 years ofhis life on teaching and researching at the University of Pennsylvania.

Professor Vuchic is generally perceived as one of the world’s preeminentresearchers in transportation systems engineering and planning. He got his PhDfrom the University of California at Berkeley in 1966. He has published morethan 130 papers in highly respected journals. Jeffrey Casello came to theUniversity of Waterloo from the University of Pennsylvania, where he finishedhis PhD and filled in as a postdoctoral analyst.

He has composed more than50 articles and reports for both scholarly and professional audiences. Thisstudy gives information about both Maglev and HSR and presents a systematic comparison of theproposed Maglev systems and high speed rail systems. The author’s findingssuggest that superiority of Maglev over high-speed rail, and its aura asa “system of the future,” are based on superiority in speed, lower energyconsumption and better passenger attraction.

Regarding the other sources, Ihave annotated, I can use this article to write detailed information about HSR.   Secondannotated sourceLiu, Rongfang, and Yi Deng. 2004.”Comparing Operating Characteristics Of High-Speed Rail And MaglevSystems: Case Study Of Beijing-Shanghai Corridor”. Transportation ResearchRecord: Journal Of The Transportation Research Board 1863: 19-27. doi:10.3141/1863-03.

 Thisarticle is from a peer reviewed academic journal and has a strong authority asthe lead author Rachel Liu, whoobtained PhD degree at University of South Florida and works as a professor atNew Jersey Institute of Technology. She hasextensive experience in the area of intermodal transportation planning andengineering, environmental impact and major investment studies. She likewiseexhibited her capacity of actualizing thoughts and theories into real worldprojects through various of research projects, professional affiliations, andextensive publications. Yi Deng is working at Department of Civil andEnvironmental Engineering of NewJersey Institute of Technology, who was the assistant of professor. The mainpurpose of this paper is to present overview of Maglev and HSR and provide thebest examples of trains that includes transportation systems in developedcountries like France, Japan, Germany. Moreover, they compare thecharacteristics of trains in aspects such as speed, acceleration, safety and energyconsumption. This paper and the previous one would be the bestcomplement of each other to describe the recent developments of Maglev and HSR.I will use this source to compare trains in terms of impact on environment,especially noise emission.

   Third annotated sourceZiemke, Dominik. 2010. Comparison OfHigh-Speed Rail Systems For The United States. Atlanta, Ga.: Georgia Instituteof Technology.

https://smartech.gatech.edu/bitstream/handle/1853/37286/ziemke_dominik_201012_mast.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y  The author, Dominik Ziemke is a Chair for Transport Systems Planning and Transport Telematics at technicaluniversity of Berlin. He received Master’s Degree with article ‘Comparison of High-Speed Rail Systems for theUnited States’. However, this work approved by Dr.

Michael Meyer, Dr. FrankSouthworth, Dr. Laurie A. Garrow, who obtained their PhDs from MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology),  LeedsUniversity and Northwestern Universityrespectively. The aim of this research is to analyse and compare thetechnological aspects available for those high-speed ground transportationsystems. 58 qualities of both high-speed ground transportation systems areassessed composed into seven classes related to technology, natural effects,economic considerations, user-friendliness, operations, political variables,and safety.

For each of the 58 characteristics, advantage esteems are allocatedfor each framework in view of their execution. This paper was useful atestimating accurate magnitudes of speed and acceleration of trains. It will beused in the main body paragraphs of my report at the section that considers thetechnical aspects of vehicles since it contains travel speed and flexibility.