In the second phase, clusters are linked together and in thethird phase, FCV full scale commercialization is pursued. A considerableamount of funding for the development of HRSs in France is from Europeanfunding. A European funding for 3 hydrogen refueling stations in Rodez,Sarreguemines and Paris under the 35 MEUR H2 Mobility Europe project, with thebalance met by private sector companies within the Mobilité Hydrogène Francecoalition is secured.
Another European funding of 4M EUR is from the ConnectingEurope Facility for the deployment of 15 stations in the Normandy region 40.In France,financial incentives can take the form of a tax credit equivalent to 30% of ahome charger or subsidies for the installation of residential or workplacechargers 19.Frenchenvironmental and energy agency (ADEME) covers 50% of costs for normal and fastcharging points for BEVs and 30% of costs for rapid charge points if thechargers are publicly available. The “Ville dedemain” project run by the French environmental and energy agency ADEME covers50% of costs for normal and fast charging points for BEVs and 30% of costs forrapid charge points, provided these are publicly available 41.As of November2016, there were 14 HRSs in France 42. Table 15 shows the number of charging points in France from2012 to 2016. Table15. Number of charging pointsin France (2012-2016) 19 Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Publicly accessible slow chargers 800 1700 1700 10122 14612 Publicly accessible fast chargers 9 102 127 543 1231 Total 809 1802 1827 10665 15843 As of November2016, there were 130 FCVs in France 42.
Table16shows BEV and PHEV stock in France from 2012 to 2016. Table 16. BEV and PHEV stock in France (2012-2016) 19 year Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands) 2012 9.29 (93% BEV, 7% PHEV) 2013 18.91 (92% BEV, 8% PHEV) 2014 31.
54 (89% BEV, 11% PHEV) 2015 54.49(83% BEV, 17% PHEV) 2016 84 (80% BEV, 20% PHEV) Table17 shows France’s target for FCV and HRSs through2030 42.Table17. France’s target for FCVand HRSs through 2030 51 Year 2018-2019 2030 FCVs 1000 800,000 HRSs 100 600 France’s target for number of electric vehicles isbetween 1 and 2 million by 2020 22. France has also announced that it is ending saleof petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040.
1.1 UKThe UK government provides incentives for the purchase of sixcategory of vehicles 44.Categoryone cars are cars that have CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km andcan travel at least 112km without any CO2 emissions. The grantconsidered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of purchase cost up to amaximum of GBP1 4,500.Category one car models include BEVs of: BMW i3, BYD e6, Citroen CZero, FordFocus Electric, Hyundai IONIQ Electric, Kia Soul EV, Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive, Nissan e-NV200 (5-seater and7-seater), Nissan LEAF, Peugeot iON, Renault Fluence, Renault ZOE, Smart fortwoelectric drive, Smart forfour electric drive, Tesla Model S, Tesla Model X, Volkswagene-up!, Volkswagen e-Golf and FCV model of Toyota Mirai. Category two vehicles have CO2 emissions of lessthan 50g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. The grantconsidered for these type of vehicles covers 35% of purchase cost up to amaximum of GBP 2,500.
Category twocar models include PHEVs of: BMW 225xe, BMW330e, BMW 530e, Hyundai IONIQ PHEV, Kia Niro PHEV, Kia Optima PHEV, Mercedes-BenzC350 e (with 17 inch rear wheels), Mercedes-Benz E350 e SE, MINI CountrymanPHEV, Mitsubishi Outlander (except Commercial), Toyota Prius Plug-in, VauxhallAmpera, Volkswagen Golf GTE, Volkswagen Passat GTE, Volvo V60 D5 Twin Engine, VolvoV60 D6 Twin Engine, Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine Momentum (2017 model year only),and Audi A3 e-tron.Category 3 vehicles have CO2emissions of 50 to 75g/km and can travel at least 32km without any CO2emissions. The grant considered for these type of vehicles covers 35% ofpurchase cost up to a maximum of GBP 2,500. This category of vehicles includes Mercedes-BenzE350 e AMG Line which is a PHEV.
Category 2 or 3 cars with a retail price over GBP 60,000 arenot counted as eligible for an incentive grant.Category 4vehicles includes motorcycles that have no CO2 emissions and cantravel at least 50km between charges.The grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price forthese vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehiclesincludes BMW C evolution, Energica Ego, Energica Eva, Scutum Silence S02,Torrot Muvi, Vmoto 100, Vmoto 120, and Zero Motorcycles (all models). Category 5vehicles includes mopeds that have no CO2emissions and can travel at least 30km between charges. The grant consideredfor the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these vehicles, up toa maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles includes Torrot Muvi City,UGBEST e-City, and Vmoto Super Soco TS1200R.
Category 5 vehicles includes vans that have CO2 emissions of lessthan 75g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. Thegrant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for thesevehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 8,000. The government also provides tax incentives inform of reduced taxation for company cars. Government also plans to spend more than GBP 600 million in theperiod of 2015-20 to support ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) manufacturingand adoption with the objective of 100% new ZEV sales by 2040. There are also incentives in the forms of freeparking and access to bus lanes 19. The HRSInfrastructure Grants Scheme funds projects via two streams 43:1Exchange rate for GBP in December 6th, 2017 is 1 G ~ 1.34 USD