In an acute care setting,
team-based health care has to be implemented to ensure the best possible,
personalized care for each patient. The conditions for success depend on
whether the team has the right people and resources to complete the given task.
To become an effective member of the interprofessional healthcare team, I must
apply the four concepts described in the article and develop other competencies
into my practice as a future nurse.
The first concept in the framework
of collaborative practice is team process. The knowledge required for
developing this skill is to identify the process of planning and action phase.
For planning, a nurse will have to work with other nurses and physicians to
develop care plans for new goals to be met. In action phase, the nurse will
individually carry out the task and then evaluate. If a goal has not been met,
then the team will work together and revisit the planning phase to give
Next, leadership and followership
is the second concept. Every team member has the potential to become a leader
or a follower in different scenarios. Leaders have the responsibility to
establish goals and provide structure for team members. Sometimes collaborative
practice is obstructed by a hierarchy of medical professions or location, so
leaders need to ensure that all members of the team have their needs met and
provide an inclusive environment for them to work in.
Locus and formality of leadership
is the third concept of the collaboration of the IP team. Locus describes the
relationship between the leader and the rest of the team. An internal leader
will be actively engaging with the followers, while an external leader is less
familiar with the team and their work. As a student nurse, I need to learn and
distinguish which leadership behavior is appropriate in certain situations.
Lastly, the fourth concept, dynamic
delegation, is a theory from organizational science. The theory has several
team structures such as shared, hierarchical, and deindividualized. Leadership
responsibility can be shared between several people or just be hierarchical
based on expertise. Deindividualized structure means that capabilities and
competency are expected in certain roles. Leaders also have to effectively
delegate tasks to team members who are best suited for the task. As a future
nurse, I can use the knowledge of organizational science and use them to improve
my collaboration with other members of the IP team.