Humans made it to North America by traveling across

Humans first set foot on North American soil 15,000 years ago. It’s believed the ancestors of Siberians (the Amerindians) were the first people to discover North America as indicated by geology, archaeological discoveries, and DNA samples. The Bering Strait, otherwise known as the land bridge, was the dominant reason the Amerindians made it to North America without advanced technology or agriculture. This essay discusses what it means to “discover” something and why the Amerindians were truly the first people to discover North America. It also discusses how archaeological discoveries made in the last century, and sequenced DNA samples made in the last decade or two, can be used to find proof to positively answer the question: “who were the first people to discover North America?” People from modern-day Siberia made it to North America by traveling across the Bering Strait, a massive piece of land connecting present-day Russia and the United States. Over thousands of years, these people migrated across Northern Asia, the land bridge, and eventually, to Northwest America. When the Earth entered it’s last glacial maximum about 25,000 years ago, gradually, sea levels began to rise. Around 13,000 years ago the land bridge began to slowly abate until it was fully submerged in water, no longer visible from outer space, the reason you cannot see it on google maps today. At the time, humans were hunter-gatherers and explored the corners of the land by following game. Large spear points are proof that they were indeed hunter-gatherers. How did they reach North America before Europeans? These people didn’t need advanced navigating, complex mechanics, or agriculture to get to North America because the land bridge provided a safe, but slow way to eventually discover North America.Archaeological discoveries have been found along the West coast of North America. People left behind spear points found mostly around the state of New Mexico. Two of the oldest and best-known Paleoindian projectile points found are the Clovis and Folsom spear points. The Clovis Point is the first and oldest point to appear in North America, was discovered in Clovis, New Mexico in 1932, and dates back to around 14,000 years ago, around the time humans were moving off the land bridge. These projectile points are a type of prehistoric tool made by the native people of North America that resemble a large spearhead. The first Folsom point was first excavated in 1927 on a joint expedition found with the skeleton of an extinct Ice Age bison. They are considered one of the most important artifacts in North American archaeology because they had proven humans were in North America during the last Ice Age, thousands of years earlier than scientists previously thought. It was crafted from flint about 10,000 years ago, around the same time Ice Age bison went extinct. Scientists have pinpointed the 13,000-year-old split of the population with DNA from remains of a 12,600-year old boy which they named Anzick-1. Anzick-1 was found at a 12,600-year-old site from the Clovis period. In 2014, scientists sequenced his DNA and revealed he was closely related to modern-day Native Americans. He had a genetic connection to the ancestral people of Northeast Asia and ancient Siberian sites. Anzick-1 proved all Native American come from ancient populations in the Siberian region. The data of sequenced genomes from 31 living Siberians, Native Americans, and another 23 ancestral people from the Americas from 200 and 6,000 years ago. A more precise date was set for when both populations split, the Northern division related to present day Athabascans and Southern division related to present day Athabascans. Though both populations are different, they again both possess a narrow amount of genes from Australia-Melanesians, Southeast Asian hunter-gatherers, and East Asians, which proves their ancestors did cross the land bridge from Siberia. DNA carries a step-by-step record of evolution. Since the human genome was fully sequenced in 2003, we only have a baseline to how the Native Americans evolved.Viking explorers and Christopher Columbus are two popular arguments for who first discovered America. Columbus representing the first person to discover America is celebrated in history books and on his international holiday. Viking expeditions easily rebut this theory because they took place 500 years before Christopher Columbus was born. Icelandic sagas spoke of the bountiful resources from North America around AD 1000. These Norse stories spread by word of mouth before becoming recorded in the 12th and 13th centuries, thousands of years after Amerindians settled across North America. Vikings had first come to a rocky land in present-day Canada, which researchers believe could have been Baffin Island. The crew spent an entire winter in North America and soon after sailed home to Greenland, never to return to North America. Though North America had desired resources, the Vikings stayed in Greenland. Likely because of the violent encounters with the indigenous people of North America. Though many of these explorers did make it to North America, not one of them discovered it. All records of these explorations tell of one ruining flaw, other civilizations were there first. Geology, archaeological discoveries, and DNA samples clearly prove 15,000 years ago Amerindians were the first people to inhabit North America. After the indigenous people had been settled for thousands of years, many people didn’t know of the continent. This raises the questions, what does it mean to discover something? And how useful or valid was the discovery? Though Christopher Columbus encountered natives he is celebrated as the first person to discover America. The fruitful land the Amerindians called home wasn’t heard of for thousands of years, therefore their discovery wasn’t useful. The Vikings and Christopher Columbus, however, discovered this land on their own, opening up a new opportunity for European countries to expand their resources. Nevertheless, the Amerindians did discover North America but comparatively didn’t expand or reach out to other countries.