Human It means safety from the constant threats of


Human Security: The role of Bangladesh on Rohingya Refugees



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Most people instinctively understand
what security means. It means safety from the constant threats of hunger,
disease, crime and repression. It also means protection from sudden and hurtful
disruption in the pattern of our daily lives—whether in our homes, in our jobs,
in our communities or in our environment. —UNDP, 1994 (1)

“I was born in Burma, but the
Burmese government says I don’t belong there. I grew up in Bangladesh, but the
Bangladesh government says I cannot stay here. As a Rohingya, I feel I am
caught between a crocodile and a snake.” 19-year-old male refugee, Nayapara camp (2)

As of December 2017, over 655,000
Rohingyas fled to Bangladesh to avoid military crackdown in Rakhine state on
August 25, 2017, which numerous nations and human rights bodies have portrayed
as ethnic purifying. According
to a United Nations’ report on October 12, in view of meetings directed in
Bangladesh found that ruthless assaults against Rohingyas in the northern
Rakhine state have been efficient, composed and precise, with the goal of
driving the population out of Myanmar as well as keeping them from coming back
to their homes.3

Thousands of Rohingya crossing the
border every day, around half a million Rohingya thought they will stay in
Burma on the other hand many of them living in camps. In an interviews, of
rohingya in Bangladesh Refugee camp and at the same time in Burma, they are
sharing full size crimes of Burmese army against the humanity executed.4

For several years many Rohingya
families living at Badlapur refugee camps, nowadays they are feeling unsecure
because of the Union government and the United Nations organizations fight to
over their stay in India.5

The present humanitarian emergency
has left out the inside uprooted Rohingya in displaced person camps without
access to essential human needs, for example, adequate safe house, medical
support, safe water, and bathrooms.6

Myanmar government was not agreed to
give citizenship to the Rohingya, that’s why they are abandoned from the state
protection. They don’t have efficient and important intends to raise their
issues to the international community.7 The United Nations defined them “the
world’s most overlooked and aggrieved minority.8





Background of Ethnic and Religious Conflict in Myanmar

Myanmar is ethnically multi diverse
country in the world. The government perceives that they have 135 particular
gatherings. There are no less than 108 diverse ethnolinguistic bunches in
Myanmar, mostly of Tibeto-Burman people groups, along with there are sizeable
populaces of Tai– Kadai, Hmong– Mien, and Austroasiatic (Mon– Khmer) people
groups. It can possibly be a standout amongst the most prosperous nations in
Asia, yet its failure to make peace between its ethnic gathering devastated the
nation’s economy. The economy of Myanmar is declining bit by bit on account of
its inward political clash, a nonappearance of outer speculation and global
authorizations, however generally Myanmar is a rich nation and it is
outstanding as the “rice bowl of the Asia”. The advance towards a
fairly responsible government and the fights for ethnic minority rights in the
nation, these two battles have been commanded to Myanmar legislative issues.
Since 1987, Myanmar included UN’s least developed country because of these








1.UNDP, Human Development Report
1994: New Dimensions of Human Security, 3.

2.Ten Years for the Rohingya
Refugees: Past, Present and

3. “Rohingya crisis: Myanmar
Court extends detention of two journalists”. Retrieved

4.Bangladesh is now home to almost 1
million Rohingya

5.Hyderabad Rohingyas feel insecure
in India, going to

6. Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation
report No.16 (Rohingya influx) 24 December

7. Syeda Naushin Parnini, “The
Crisis of the Rohingya as a Muslim Minority in

Myanmar and Bilateral Relations with
Bangladesh,” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs

33, no. 2 (2013): 281 – 2, Academic
Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed February 7,


8.  Alexandra Phillips, “The World’s Blind
Spot,” Harvard International Review

35, no. 2 (2013): 31, Academic Search
Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 24,


Ethnic Background

9. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (2005).
“Languages of Myanmar”. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth
edition. SIL International. Retrieved 13 January 2007.

10. Ibid., 2.

11. N. Ganesan and Kyaw Yin Hlaing,
“Introduction,” in Myanmar: State, Society and Ethnicity, eds. N. Ganesan and
Kyaw Yin Hlaing (Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, 2007), 3.

12. Ashley South, Ethnic Politics in
Burma – States of Conflict (New York, London: Routledge, 2008), xiii.

13. “Least Developed Countries: LDC
Factsheets,” United Nations Development Policy and Analysis Division,
(accessed April 12, 2014).