HSA 5103 Chapter 2Kopper Thatch 2. Health promotion and disease prevention may require bothbehavioral modification therapeutic intervention. Discuss. There are manybehavioral risk factors that can play a key role in health promotion anddisease prevention.
Smoking, substance abuse, lack of exercise are modifiablebehavioral risk factors. Quitting smoking could decrease the risk of heartdisease, lung cancer and stroke. 3. Discuss the definition of health presented in thischapter in terms of their implications for the health care delivery system.The absence of disease or illness is defined as health. Withthe implication being that the health delivery system focuses more so ontreatment and diagnosis instead of prevention of diseases. 4. What are the main objectives of public health? Objectiveof Public health is to fulfill society’s interest in assuring conditions towhich people can be healthy.
Also, to promote health for the society. 7. The Blum model points to four key determinants of health.Discuss their implications for health care delivery. The four key determinantsare Medical care-the health care delivery system i.e. having access andavailable service.
Lifestyle attitude towards health the behaviors. Hereditycurrent health status and lifestyle practices which would likely have impact onfuture generations. 9. Discuss the main cultural beliefs and values in Americansociety that have influenced health care delivery and how they have shaped thehealth care delivery system. The mainculture beliefs and values of the American society the advancement of scienceused to help with the creation of the medical model. As a capitalist societyfor the economic good.
Values with the concern for the poor, elderly anddisabled. American society is a freeenterprise however, and there tends to not be much trust in the government. 10.
Briefly describe the concepts of market justice andsocial justice. In what way do the two principles complement each other and inwhat war are they in conflict in the US system of health care delivery? Considering that health markets are good at providing healthresources and how the economic good is delivered is market justice. Determiningfactors being the people’s ability to pay for medical care, the access to getto services.
Social justice has the governments involvement especially when itcomes to deviating out services. The social justice system is seen as a rightfor people, and that all citizens should have equal health care delivery and access.In the US there is really no set system used, however there are several countriesthat lean more towards the social justice system. Market justice system is more like the insuredmiddle class working individuals with insurance through their employer. Furthermore,an example of social justice would be the uninsured, Medicaid, Medicare and thingslike worker’s compensation.
11. Describe how health care is rationed in the marketjustice and social justice systems.Health care is rationed through money the ability/inabilityto pay and cost in market justice system. Two forms of rationing areprice-rationing and demand side rationing.
Those unable to pay due to lowincome, the uninsured many times cannot receive healthcare services when needand if services received often of poor quantity. The social justice systemtypically minimizes the supply of services. 14. How can health care administrators and policymakers usethe various measures of health status and service utilization? Pleaseillustrate your answer. Many measuresare used to measure health status and service utilization they include: individualsself-perception, statistics and calculated health status.