Historyof development of the networking fieldComputer network what we know today wasborn with the name called Arpanet in between 1960 and 1970. Before that therewere network designed for mainly connecting the terminals and remote work tothe entire unit.
The main motto of networking was they can share same resourceof information the both peer at the same time was fundamental design of theArpanet.The other strong emphasis of the ARPANETwork was its reliance on the then novel technique of packet switching toefficiently share communication resources among” busty” users,instead of the more traditional message or circuit switching. Introduction National Physical LaboratoryNetwork in England and the Ethernet system at Xerox PARC in the USA. Some of theseprojects focused more heavily on the potential for high-speed local networkssuch as the early 3-Mbps Ethernet. Satellite and radio channels for mobileusers were also a topic of growing interest. By 1973 it was clear to the networkingvanguard that another protocol layer needed to be inserted into the protocolhierarchy to accommodate the interconnection of diverse types of individualnetworks. Cerf and Kahn published their seminal paper describing such a scheme,and development of the new Internet Protocol (IP) and Transmission ControlProtocol (TCP) to jointly replace the NCP began.
Similar work was being pursuedby other groups meeting in the newly formed IFIP WG 6.1, called theInternetwork Working Group. By the late 1970s, a new major influencewas emerging in the computer network community. The computer manufacturersrealized that multivendor systems could no longer be avoided, and began to takeaction to satisfy the growing user demand for interoperability. Working throughtheir traditional international body, the ISO, a new group was created todevelop standards in the networking area.
Their initial charter was to definean explicit “architecture” for “Open SystemsInterconnection” (OSI).And this is how network had taken placein the era of technology. The recent trends are in computertechnology are as follow· The growing popularity of cloud computing and cloud storage.
· Voice, email, SMS, Ringtones, Push, Gaming, Pictures, Instant Messaging ,Music, Video, Location,Remote monitoring, M-commerce , Video telephony, remote enterpriseapplications, remote management, Multiparty collaboration.· Improvements to mobile (cellular) networkinfrastructure – both deployments of 4G and also enhancements to older 3Gnetworks – that have enabled people in developed areas who can afford it to usetheir Smartphone as mobile televisions and video broadcasting systems.