Health information exchangeis health information that is electronically traded between multipleorganizations and individuals with the same level of interoperability throughdifferent information systems and software applications that are able toexchange data.
Examples of the differentfunctions of HIE are:· Theexchange of health information electronically between providers and others withthe same level of interoperability.· Givesthe health care providers and the patients the ability to access and share thepatient’s medical information electronically. This ability improves the speed,quality, safety and cost of patient care.· Providesthe capability to electronically share clinical information among different healthcareinformation systems and keep the meaning of the information that is being exchanged.These functions help to fillinformation gaps and provides a more complete picture of a patient’s health. There are many benefits tothe health information exchange.
A few examples of these are:· Improvementin healthcare quality and patient outcomes. · Reducingunnecessary tests and services.· Improvingefficiency of care through ensuring everyone who is involved in a patient’scare has access to the same information. Which results in enhanced patient carecoordination by being able to make better informed decisions regarding apatient’s care and treatment.
· Reducingcosts by making administrative tasks more simple and efficient· Increasecoordination and support with the public health officials to improve the healthof the community. This is done through a process of reporting and monitoring ofthe health systems data.There are three types ofHIE. These are directed exchange, query-based exchange, and consumer mediatedexchange.· Directedexchange can send and receive information electronically to different healthcareproviders.· Query-basedexchange is a way to find and/or request information on a patient from otherproviders. · Consumermediated exchange gives the patients the ability to control their own healthinformation.
They are able to transfer their information between providers andmonitor their own health.The role of clinical terminologiesare a set of concepts and relationships that can provide a reference point.This reference point can be used to compare and aggregate data in the healthcare processes and is recorded by different individual systems/institutions.Clinical terminologies areused for the following:· Patientcare· Measuringpatient outcomes· Research· ReimbursementClinical terminology is abuilding block that provides a mutual understanding of the meaning of dataexchanged between information systems. Clinical terminologies form the basis ofcoded data and provide the data structure that is required for semanticinteroperability and health information exchange.Whereas, data standards willensure the data exchange will be high-quality and will be able to be exchangedwith other computer systems. This efficiently and accurately shares clinicalinformation throughout healthcare facilities.There are plenty of challengesto the health information exchange.
Some of the challenges of the healthinformation exchange are:· Tryingto select the HIE that is needed for your organization· Thelack of federal standards and interoperability· Integrationcosts and timeWhereas, some benefits forHIE are:· Improvedpayment coordination· Betterpatient outcomes· Bettertransitions of care· Reducedor eliminated duplication of procedures, tests, and treatments· Reducedhealthcare costs· Improvedaccess to clinical data· Improvedpatient health monitoring· Improvedpatient satisfaction and provider experience The significance of dataquality in HIE is huge. Not only is data quality one of the most important elementsin healthcare, it has also created the need for more complete, accurate, and relevantinformation regarding a patient’s care.