Goodday everyone! I am sure that education is one of the most important rights foreveryone in this world, and I do believe that education does not have bordersin between the opposite genders.
Education provides boundless information,knowledge and skills for all human kind as well as to inculcate human ethicsand morale values. However, there are still communities whom bearsdiscrimination in their minds towards females in receiving education. They tendto keep an old-fashioned concept and philosophy, that is women should stay athome. With such a cultural discourse in certain countries such as sub-SaharanAfrica, India and Arabic states, there are a high number of children whom arenot receiving proper school education. According to UNESCO’s survey entitled,”Education for all Global Monitoring Report: Children still battling to go toschool” back in year 2013, there are 57 million of children around the worldare not going to school. There is also a statistical result of 95% of the 28.
5million children not getting a primary school education live in low andlower-middle income countries – 44% in sub-Saharan Africa, 19% in south andwest Asia and 14% in the Arab states. The sad reality is that girls make up 55%of the total and were often the victims of rape and other sexual violence thataccompanies armed conflicts. With such drastic fate happening towards the girlsin these countries compared to girls in more advanced countries whom receivedproper education, I strongly believe that girls as well as women should begiven a proper school education as a feminist, and there are reasons why weshould support girls and women to obtain a proper education. First, an education withoutdiscrimination towards girls and women tends to build future educated generations.Queen Rania of Jordan once said this, during her interview on The Oprah WinfreyShow, “If you educate a woman, you educate a family. If you educate a girl, youeducate the future.” The bond between a mother and a child could be strong as amother plays a role to nurture and to guide their children onto the right pathwith their unconditional love. A mother tends to shape their children’s futureif the mother herself dares to chase her dreams and to face challenges with herown knowledge.
Plus, a mother whom receives proper education tends to cultivatethe morale values and the belief of having a vision to be a better beingtowards the growth of a nation. Back in year 2014, the Global Peace Foundationprovides a rough concept saying, “Girls with dreams become women with vision.Confident women who participate in their communities and countries. Strongwomen who contribute to their nations’ growth and prosperity. Compassionatewomen who, as mothers or guardians or leaders, nurture and guide the nextgeneration—boys as well as girls—towards greater equality, justice andprosperity.
” Under the world filled with war and poverty, girls should have theempowerment of knowledge in literacy, health, relationship so that they couldimprove and alter their lifestyles. Women and girls could be protected by theirrights and to be respected by their innate values. By giving a girl education,you are investing for the nation. Next, boundless education towardsgirls and women would decrease the maternal and infant mortality. Being aneducated woman indicates that one should empower the knowledge of healthcareand to know the importance of self-care. An uneducated woman has a higher riskof maternal mortality at 2.
7 times compared to the women with a propereducation that is more than 12 years (Karlsen, 2011). Without any maternal education, an expectingmother would not be able to prepare herself for her childbirth as she knowsnothing about intrapartum care and prenatal care. According to a news reportreleased by UNFPA of Myanmar back in year 2016, maternal mortality would behigher among poor and uneducated women as they have lower ability to know moreabout the pregnancy complications, and there are 2,800 women found dead duringchildbirth and pregnancy each year. With a low socioeconomic status, anuneducated mother would not be able to approach to higher quality healthservices in health facilities.
Infant’s death could be frequent to happen when womenis uneducated. The major cause of infant mortality differs depending on thedevelopment of a country (Bwahama, 2001). A woman whom is educated and has a highersocial status would seek medical care and improve sanitary practices, thusdecreasing malnutrition (Summers, 1992). An educated mother would especiallygive care to their child by proving them postnatal care as well as providingvaccinations towards their babies to prevent infectious diseases such as AIDS,Tuberculosis and Measles; on the contrary, an uneducated mother would not beaware of such procedure and thus leaving their children exposed to lethalinfections, and due to the poverty of their country as well as malnutrition,the child would not be able to survive under such an environment.
As the levelof education in women increases, the maternal and infant mortality wouldgradually decrease (Caldwell, 1979). This is important to girls as well, whothey would grow into women too. Besides that, giving girls and womenproper education would decrease domestic and sexual violence. A woman whom isnot educated would only deserve a world which is narrow and limited, their eyestend to see only their families. An uneducated woman would be economically lessproductive, they could not give much contribution towards their family. Thus,they have less bargaining power in the family (Arends-Kuenning and Amin, 2001).They are vulnerable and lacking, which indicates that they lack the knowledgerelated to law enforcements within marriage.
They also do not know their ownrights to protect themselves physically and sexually. These normally happens inrural areas and undeveloped countries. For example, in rural Butajira,Ethiopia, 32% of rural women are likely to receive physical and sexual abusefrom their partners and most of them are younger and illiterate (Deyessa,2010). This does not apply to only married women, but also to younger children.
For little girls, they are lessprotected compared to women as they have smaller body size, and they areisolated as they are physically, emotionally and psychologically abandoned bytheir own parents by abusing them (Bandcroft, 2004). Their lower status within their hierarchy ofsociety and family power tends to cause them to be violated domestically andsexually, as well as their family living in poverty could be one of the abusivefactors in sexual and domestic violation (Kanchiputu, 2016). By inculcatingfemale with knowledges and rights, they could be protected from violationeither domestically, or sexually. As I come to an end of my speech, Ihave realised that we could never ignore that the issue of female gettingrights in proper education has gradually becoming a global concern. I wouldlike to give a quote, once said by Hilary Clinton, “Human rights are women’srights, and women’s rights are human rights. Let us not forget that among thoserights are the right to speak freely – and the right to be heard”.
That’s all from me today and thank you.