Good girls and women to obtain a proper education.

Good
day everyone! I am sure that education is one of the most important rights for
everyone in this world, and I do believe that education does not have borders
in between the opposite genders. Education provides boundless information,
knowledge and skills for all human kind as well as to inculcate human ethics
and morale values. However, there are still communities whom bears
discrimination in their minds towards females in receiving education. They tend
to keep an old-fashioned concept and philosophy, that is women should stay at
home. With such a cultural discourse in certain countries such as sub-Saharan
Africa, India and Arabic states, there are a high number of children whom are
not receiving proper school education. According to UNESCO’s survey entitled,
“Education for all Global Monitoring Report: Children still battling to go to
school” back in year 2013, there are 57 million of children around the world
are not going to school. There is also a statistical result of 95% of the 28.5
million children not getting a primary school education live in low and
lower-middle income countries – 44% in sub-Saharan Africa, 19% in south and
west Asia and 14% in the Arab states. The sad reality is that girls make up 55%
of the total and were often the victims of rape and other sexual violence that
accompanies armed conflicts. With such drastic fate happening towards the girls
in these countries compared to girls in more advanced countries whom received
proper education, I strongly believe that girls as well as women should be
given a proper school education as a feminist, and there are reasons why we
should support girls and women to obtain a proper education.

            First, an education without
discrimination towards girls and women tends to build future educated generations.
Queen Rania of Jordan once said this, during her interview on The Oprah Winfrey
Show, “If you educate a woman, you educate a family. If you educate a girl, you
educate the future.” The bond between a mother and a child could be strong as a
mother plays a role to nurture and to guide their children onto the right path
with their unconditional love. A mother tends to shape their children’s future
if the mother herself dares to chase her dreams and to face challenges with her
own knowledge. Plus, a mother whom receives proper education tends to cultivate
the morale values and the belief of having a vision to be a better being
towards the growth of a nation. Back in year 2014, the Global Peace Foundation
provides a rough concept saying, “Girls with dreams become women with vision.
Confident women who participate in their communities and countries. Strong
women who contribute to their nations’ growth and prosperity. Compassionate
women who, as mothers or guardians or leaders, nurture and guide the next
generation—boys as well as girls—towards greater equality, justice and
prosperity.” Under the world filled with war and poverty, girls should have the
empowerment of knowledge in literacy, health, relationship so that they could
improve and alter their lifestyles. Women and girls could be protected by their
rights and to be respected by their innate values. By giving a girl education,
you are investing for the nation.

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            Next, boundless education towards
girls and women would decrease the maternal and infant mortality. Being an
educated woman indicates that one should empower the knowledge of healthcare
and to know the importance of self-care. An uneducated woman has a higher risk
of maternal mortality at 2.7 times compared to the women with a proper
education that is more than 12 years (Karlsen, 2011).   Without any maternal education, an expecting
mother would not be able to prepare herself for her childbirth as she knows
nothing about intrapartum care and prenatal care. According to a news report
released by UNFPA of Myanmar back in year 2016, maternal mortality would be
higher among poor and uneducated women as they have lower ability to know more
about the pregnancy complications, and there are 2,800 women found dead during
childbirth and pregnancy each year. With a low socioeconomic status, an
uneducated mother would not be able to approach to higher quality health
services in health facilities. Infant’s death could be frequent to happen when women
is uneducated. The major cause of infant mortality differs depending on the
development of a country (Bwahama, 2001). A woman whom is educated and has a higher
social status would seek medical care and improve sanitary practices, thus
decreasing malnutrition (Summers, 1992). An educated mother would especially
give care to their child by proving them postnatal care as well as providing
vaccinations towards their babies to prevent infectious diseases such as AIDS,
Tuberculosis and Measles; on the contrary, an uneducated mother would not be
aware of such procedure and thus leaving their children exposed to lethal
infections, and due to the poverty of their country as well as malnutrition,
the child would not be able to survive under such an environment. As the level
of education in women increases, the maternal and infant mortality would
gradually decrease (Caldwell, 1979). This is important to girls as well, who
they would grow into women too.

            Besides that, giving girls and women
proper education would decrease domestic and sexual violence. A woman whom is
not educated would only deserve a world which is narrow and limited, their eyes
tend to see only their families. An uneducated woman would be economically less
productive, they could not give much contribution towards their family. Thus,
they have less bargaining power in the family (Arends-Kuenning and Amin, 2001).
They are vulnerable and lacking, which indicates that they lack the knowledge
related to law enforcements within marriage. They also do not know their own
rights to protect themselves physically and sexually. These normally happens in
rural areas and undeveloped countries. For example, in rural Butajira,
Ethiopia, 32% of rural women are likely to receive physical and sexual abuse
from their partners and most of them are younger and illiterate (Deyessa,
2010). This does not apply to only married women, but also to younger children.
 For little girls, they are less
protected compared to women as they have smaller body size, and they are
isolated as they are physically, emotionally and psychologically abandoned by
their own parents by abusing them (Bandcroft, 2004).  Their lower status within their hierarchy of
society and family power tends to cause them to be violated domestically and
sexually, as well as their family living in poverty could be one of the abusive
factors in sexual and domestic violation (Kanchiputu, 2016). By inculcating
female with knowledges and rights, they could be protected from violation
either domestically, or sexually.

            As I come to an end of my speech, I
have realised that we could never ignore that the issue of female getting
rights in proper education has gradually becoming a global concern. I would
like to give a quote, once said by Hilary Clinton, “Human rights are women’s
rights, and women’s rights are human rights. Let us not forget that among those
rights are the right to speak freely – and the right to be heard”.  That’s all from me today and thank you.