Firstly, the characteristics of occupationand the positive influence those characteristics have on human health andwell-being is one reason for considering the importance of occupation.
Occupations are seen as essential by The Canadian Association of OccupationTherapists (CAOT) to the lives of individuals and classify occupation intothree purposes, also known as occupational performance. These include looking afterthemselves (self-care), enjoying life (leisure) and contributing to the socialand economic fabric of their communities (productivity) (CAOT, 2002). Thedivisions clearly show the significant role occupation has in supporting individuals’health and wellbeing generally as well as assisting recovery and their socialparticipation. Similarly, this links to the description Molineux (2010, citedin Curtin, Molineux and Supyk-Mellson, 2010, p.
19) provides of occupation andunderstands its nature and being of: actively engaged, having a purpose andmeaning, contextualised and human characteristic. Each of the key characteristicsencourages individuals to express and understand themselves through activitiesmattering to them, in which gives them a strong sense of their self. This can helpto increase their self-esteem, confidence and happiness and decrease negativity,leading to improve their health and quality of life. With that said, it can be presentedthrough for example participating in leisure occupations, such as gardening. Gardens, as wellas the activity of gardening, have been shown to have a positive impact on peoples’health and wellbeing (Garden Organic and Sustain, 2014) and as well Soga,Gaston and Yamaura (2017) stated that there is increasing evidence thatgardening provides substantial human health benefits.
A recent case-controlstudy had been undertaken by Wood, Pretty and Griffin (2015) based on allotmentgardening and the benefits that this particular type of gardening brings tohealth and well-being. A mixture of allotment gardeners and non-gardeners duringtheir sessions of allotment gardening were both analysed on their self-esteemand mood and compared on their mental well-being. From the study’s results, pairedt-tests revealed a significant improvement in self-esteem (P < 0.05) and mood (P < 0.001) as a result ofone allotment session (Wood, Pretty and Griffin, 2015), demonstrating the fastaction that the gardening took in a short period of time. As well, one-wayANCOVA revealed that allotment gardeners had a significantly betterself-esteem, total mood disturbance and general health (P < 0.
001), experiencingless depression and fatigue and more vigour (P< 0.0083) (Wood, Pretty and Griffin, 2015). The end result of this study isevident of how gardening as an occupation improves the well-being ofindividuals as it is covering most of the seven dimensions of wellness (Developed By Dr. Bill Hettler, Co-Founder Of et al., 2018).Not only does it contribute to wellness mentally and emotionally but also physically