English literaturehas undergone many literary changes during the past centuries and the mostimportant literary period is the romantic period. Romantic period appeared inEurope toward the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the nineteenthcentury in revolts against the Neoclassicism of the previous centuries. Itrefers to a number of various groups of poets, artists, writers and musiciansas well as theoretical, political, and societal theorists and trends of thelate 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe.
“There is no generally accepteddefinition of the world “romantic”. The term first appeared in England in 17thcentury in the sense of “extravagant, fictitious, unreal”, but, by the 18th,it had already assumed a somewhat different meaning and was particularlyconnected with feeling, imagination and emotional pleasures.” When theEnlightenment put emphasis on the pre-eminence of rationale, Romanticismaccentuated sensation and imagination.
There are a lot of authors in thisperiod but in my paper I will focus on William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge. William Wordsworth is considered one of the mostimportant poets and authors of the Romantic era. He was born on 7 April, 1770and died the 23 April. He is considered one of the first poets of the Romanticperiod who created a new style in the world of poetry that is concerned withnature and imagination. He is the first to introduce the poet’s licenseto convey intensely personal individual expression. “Best known for his style and theories thathelped to renew the poetry of his country. During his youth he demonstrated astrong interest and love for nature which is shown in most of his works”. His works was mainly based on romantic thoughts opposed to realism.
He hadthought that people who living “among” nature are purer and wisernature of those who live in the city, even their language is simple and lesscomplex. Wordsworth’s theory of poetic language comes from his deep philosophyof nature. Francis Jeffrey: wrote stinging review about Wordsworth andat the end of his opinion he said ‘The case of Mr. Wordsworth, we perceive, isnow manifestly hopeless, and we give him up as altogether incurable, and beyondthe power of criticism’. SamuelTaylor Coleridge was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher, was born on October 21, 1772.
He was the leader of Romantic poetry. “Activein the wake of the French Revolution as a dissenting pamphleteer and laypreacher, he inspired a brilliant generation of writers and attracted thepatronage of progressive men of the rising middle class” .The most importantcharacteristic of his literary text, he used supernatural elements, visionaryelements in his poems.
In the romantic era, both have worked a lot and both are called the truelover of nature. They were at the forefront of what is now known as theRomantic period. Wordsworth andColeridge have a close friendship. They took long hours together to discussEnglish literature and poetry. Coleridge said “during the first year that Mr. Wordsworth and I wereneighbours, our conversations turned frequently on the two cardinal points ofpoetry, the power of exciting the sympathy of the reader by a faithfuladherence to the truth of nature, and the power of giving the interest ofnovelty by the modifying colors of imagination”. They began to discuss of a newkind of poetry, one that focused on the reader’s imagination and the honesty ofsimple language to evoke powerful feelings.
They decided to write a collectionof poetry together. Wordsworth’s job was to write poems about everyday topics;Coleridge would tackle poems about “persons and characters supernatural”