Each smoke has been medically proven to cause cancer

Each year in the U.S. exposure to secondhand smoke results in more than 41,000 deaths among nonsmoking adults, 400 infant deaths from  SIDS, and 5.6 billion in lost productivity.  Secondhand smoke is a mixture of smoke that came from burning tobacco such as mainstream smoke (the inhaled and exhaled smoke created while taking a puff on a lit cigarette) and sidestream smoke (the smoke that is released from the end of a burning cigarette, cigar, or pipe).  When people who do not smoke are exposed to secondhand smoke it is called involuntary smoking or passive smoking.  Secondhand smoke has been medically proven to cause cancer due to medical research.  “Secondhand smoke has more than 7,000 chemicals, at least 70 that can cause cancer.”(Matthew Myers)  Smoking is deadly, which is why in some states it is banned to smoke in public places.  In New Orleans, the city council passed a sweeping ban across the city against smoking in public places, however, there are some exemptions.  Due to this ban, many restaurant owners made space outside for people to smoke and enjoy their visit to their restaurants.  Secondhand smoke in any kind of way may harm you, it can cause you to eventually have health problems.  Exposure to secondhand smoke raises the risk by as much as 30 percent that often people may get lung cancer and many other types of cancer.  People who smoke should be mindful of the non-smoking people around them, especially when being indoors, due to the harmful and deadly chemicals that come from secondhand smoke.  Laws prohibiting smoking indoors are appropriate because they prevent people from inhaling harmful secondhand smoke. I think there should be more enforcement with the smoking laws that we have to help protect the public’s health.  Secondly, secondhand smoke kills people.  Do you know some of the chemicals from secondhand smoke can linger around for hours?  Which is why I think smoking indoors is horrible for kids, adults, etc. 53,800 people are killed yearly because of the exposure to secondhand smoke.  Most non-smokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke can eventually obtain diseases like lung cancer, SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), and heart diseases.  These common diseases lead to death.  Not to mention, secondhand smoke poses additional risks for children, who are especially vulnerable to the effects including low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome, asthma, and respiratory illness and infections.  Low birthweight is a word that is used to describe newborn babies that weigh less than 2,500 grams.  Another word for low birthweight could be a premature birth.  Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is known as a cot or crib death, a sudden death of a child less than one year of age that cannot be explained.  Asthma is an illness in which a person’s airways become narrow and swollen; then suddenly it produces extra mucus, which makes it hard for he or she to breathe properly.  Respiratory illness and infections are conditions that are caused by germs, virus, bacteria, and pathogenic microbes.  These infections can infect the respiratory system and is spread through mucus and saliva.  These infections are somewhat airborne.   Furthermore, secondhand smoke causes significant health problems such as cancer.  Lung cancer is one of the major cancers due to the exposure to secondhand smoke.  Second-hand smoke not only causes lung cancer, it increases the risk of breast cancer, nasal sinus cavity cancer, and pharyngeal cancer in adults.  Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breast.  It occurs in women and rarely men.  Nasal sinus cavity cancer is when cancer cells form in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.  Pharyngeal cancer is a group of cancers of the mouth, sinus, and throat.  Pharyngeal cancer may cause nosebleeds or ear ringings.  These are some of the diseases that occur in adults due to exposure to secondhand smoke.  In kids, it increases the risk of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain tumors.  Leukemia is cancer of blood-forming tissues that prevents the body’s ability to fight back against infection.  Lymphoma is cancer that starts in your immune system.  There are many kinds of lymphoma but the main types are Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.  Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a type of lymphoma that starts in the white blood cells called lymphocytes.  Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the same as Hodgkin lymphoma just occurs differently in adults and kids.  Brain tumors are cancerous or noncancerous mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain.  Tumors can start in the brain, or cancer can spread throughout the body in eventually enter the brain.   “Secondhand smoke contains toxic chemicals including Ammonia, Lead, Butane, Polonium, Carbon Monoxide, Chromium, Cyanide, and Formaldehyde.  These chemicals are used and found in things that should not be inhaled inside of your body because it may harm it in a very bad way.  Ammonia is used for cleaning products.  Ammonia is a colorless highly irritating gas with a sharp suffocating odor.  Butane is used in lighter fluid.  Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure.  Carbon Monoxide is found in car exhaust.  Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, tasteless, and odorless gas that is less dense in the air.  Chromium is used to make steel.  Chromium helps steel harden before it is manufactured.  Cyanide is used in chemical weapons.  Cyanide is a deadly chemical that can be in many forms, crystal-like, gas or liquid.  Formaldehyde is an industrial chemical.  High levels of Formaldehyde exposure can cause many types of cancers.  Lead is a toxic metal.  Lead is the main ingredient in a car battery.  Lastly, polonium is radioactive substance.  Polonium is used mostly to generate thermoelectric power in satellites and lunar stations.”(Mayo Clinic) Just think about how many harmful ingredients you are inhaling, which is why there should be more laws to prevent people from inhaling these harmful substances and chemicals.   Moreover, smoking laws are appropriate for indoor places because it prevents people from inhaling harmful substances that secondhand smoke gives off.  Enforcing smoking laws can protect the public’s health by decreasing exposure to secondhand smoke and encouraging smokers to quit. These laws also help reduce exposure to toxic tobacco smoke pollution.  The more laws that are made, the less pollution and death there is.  As we enforce the smoking restrictions indoors we are dable to prevent people from inhaling the harmful chemicals that come from secondhand smoke.   In the light of smoking laws being made, “an ordinance went into effect on April 22, 2015, to protect the public’s health by reducing exposure to secondhand smoke and encouraging smokers to quit smoking.” (Mary J. Landrieu) This ordinance was a start of something new, It was created to help protect the public’s health towards secondhand smoke exposure.  According to the American Lung Association, “secondhand smoke causes approximately 3,400 lung cancer deaths each year, as well as the intensification of lung diseases in nonsmoking adults and respiratory problems in children.”  Creating this law can change the yearly deaths due to secondhand smoke exposure.  As we are being informed about secondhand smoke exposure we are also consuming some restrictions that may help the public’s health.   “Legislation to prevent smoking in workplaces and public buildings is on a rise as the public becomes more informed about the risks of secondhand smoke.”(Melissa Stoppler)  According to the American Lung Association, “they found that employees exposed to secondhand smoke in the workplace were 17% more likely to develop lung cancer than those that are not exposed.”(Lemle & Keller)  Almost 21% of the United States population smokes despite the decades of warnings about the health presumptions, consuming roughly half a trillion cigarettes each year.  Informing the people about the harmful things that secondhand smoke causes can play a big part in getting the laws that are being enforced to actually work. As the laws are being enforced and followed the public’s health is being protected.   “New Orleans’s smoke-free air ordinance is a proven means to significantly reduce exposure to toxic tobacco smoke pollution.” (Tobacco Free Living)  In results of this smoke-free ordinance, there is much cleaner air to breathe in.  The more disinfectant the air is, the fewer deaths we have yearly due to secondhand smoke exposure.  After a numerous amount of states filed an unduly amount of public lawsuits against the tobacco companies in the 1990’s smoking became a big problem in the United States.  It caused a lot of extracurricular problems that affected the United States tremendously.   Effects of secondhand smoke on the economy are getting worse day by day, and cigarette by cigarette.  The most common effects are death, pollution, lost in productivity, health-related economic losses, etc.  This affects put the United States in debt and causes a lot of corruption around the world.  As the annual death rate increases yearly it pushes the United States into debt with indirect medical costs.  Air pollution from cigarettes damages the water supplies and other products, which leads to a loss in productivity and health-related economic losses.   According to the book “Reducing Tobacco-Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality” By Erin Balogh “Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States causing more than 440,000 deaths annually and resulting in $193 billion in health-related economic losses each year.  Tobacco use also led to $96 billion in direct medical costs and $97 billion in lost productivity.  Every year in the United States exposure to secondhand smoke leads to more than 41,00 infant deaths among nonsmoking adults, 400 infant deaths from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and 5.6 billion lost of productivity.”  These deaths and losses cause a lot of economic problems which can be resolved if the laws that are being made towards secondhand smoke exposure was being enforced properly.   There have been many factors for public places since the secondhand smoke laws were passed, such as people feeling like they do not belong, decreases and increase in their revenues, costly bar and restaurants expansions, etc.  These factors were a good and bad thing. Some of the factors that helped these restaurants and bars were the expansions for the outdoor spaces, it gave smokers a place to smoke freely beside the air pollution.  Some of the bad factors that did not help the restaurants and bars were misplacement or discomfort feelings of their daily smoking-customers which triggered the customers to stop coming.  The lost of the customers eventually decreased their revenues or sometimes it may have increased but due to some low revenues, it made it hard for the owners of the restaurants to pay their rent.     Since the sweeping ban on the 22nd of April against smoking in most public places went across the city, some people did not stay at restaurants because they did not feel like they were apart of the environment.  Some of the customers flee because they do not feel comfortable anymore.  Most of these bars and restaurants daily customers are smokers and they are accustomed to being indoors of the restaurant or bar.  Being pushed outside would probably make them feel not welcomed, misplaced or some sort of discomfort towards the restaurant and its new policies.  If the policies are not being followed then that will cause a lot of confusion between the nonsmokers and smokers.  Not only can it cause confusion, it can also cause them to be shut down if the state laws are not being enforced.   This ban has been a good and bad thing on money factors of these bars, restaurants, etc.  It has somewhat decreased and increased their revenues which sometimes causes them to be unable to pay half of their monthly rent.  As laws are being enforced the bars are experiencing a loss in customers, as a result of customer loss they lose money which pushes them into a short debt.  It makes them unable to pay their rent.  Soon after not being able to pay their rent they eventually will get shut down, which is an extreme loss to the owner.   One good factor that comes from the secondhand smoke ordinance is that some bars made an outdoor space.  This ordinance has made shifts easier for bars known for their large outdoor spaces.  It has also attracted new customers and new money, which helps the restaurant and owner itself gain back his or her money.  As for the employees that work at these restaurants and bars, they may experience a extremely long yet, easier shift.  During their shift, they are able to be outside and not cramped up in the bar or restaurant.  Another perk due to this new ordinance helps employees to not be exposed to so much secondhand smoke.   Besides, secondhand exposure, did you know that there was such thing as thirdhand smoke exposure?  I bet you had no clue, so let me inform you about this kind of smoke exposure! Thirdhand smoke exposure is a new concept.  Thirdhand smoke exposure is exposure to many toxic chemicals that have accumulated (as residue) in fabrics, furniture, and other items due to secondhand smoke.  This type of smoke exposure is like involuntary smoke being passed into your clothing.  It is just lingering on the inside of your clothing as residue, waiting to be inhaled.  Thirdhand smoke exposure can do the same harms as secondhand smoke also, so be careful when you are around nicotine users.  Even though there are laws that are preventing people from smoking everywhere, you still may encounter inhaling the harmful chemicals or substances from secondhand smoke. Ultimately, laws that help prohibit smoking prevents people from inhaling harmful secondhand smoke, these ordinances prevent the many deaths we have each year.  It also helps the economy in the loss of productivity, indirect medical bills and health-related economic losses. The more laws that are made the fewer deaths there is each year.  There would not be only a decrease in annual deaths, there would be an increase in the public’s health also.  Sheila Francoeur once said “This is no longer an economic issue.  This is a health issue. Let us face it, secondhand smoke kills.”