During the period 1750 to 1900, radical changes occurred all over the world with political revolutions occurring in France, China, and the Americas. These political revolutions were followed by a revolution in the manufacturing industry. The Industrial Revolution began in England and gradually spread to the rest of the world, causing an urbanization that would lead to harsh changes in people’s lives, the economy, and environment.
The Industrial Revolution is often considered one of the most influential revolutions resulting in a transformation in the textile, coal, and iron industries. These changes led to urbanization as former agricultural countries rapidly transformed into crowded manufacturing cities. The Industrial Revolution led to urbanization because of new technologies, which made work extremely efficient, which ultimately led to urbanized, manufacturing cities full of problems for workers. The Industrial Revolution began due to innovations and new technology in textiles, coal, and iron. First, in 1764, the “spinning jenny” allowed cotton to be spun faster into thread due to an engine-powered loom which spun multiple spools of thread efficiently into a cloth. Previously, individuals would work in their homes on hand-powered looms which were slower and less reliable.
This initiated the transition of manufacturing from the home to the factory where many machines could be powered in one central place. England’s position in global trade and colonization continued to grow, which further contributed to England’s pursuit of more efficient manufacturing. The English enticed industrialization by passing laws and creating policies that instituted its growth.
In the 1770’s, James Watt built the first steam engine, which was a driving force behind future factories. The steam engine went on to power machinery, locomotives, and ships during this period.This revolution in factories was also accompanied by changes in communication and transportation. Telegraphs, steamships, canals, and railroads all sped up this movement. As England industrialized, the rest of the world began to follow this Industrial Revolution.
Much of Europe, the United States, Russia, Egypt and Japan became industrialized nations. In 1850, electricity and steel incorporated into the industrial process. Global financial institutions arose to promote industrial investments. This