During and efficient employees, but they were unfair to

During the summer of 1915, the society could create a regular source of
money by selling the tickets for shows at a theatre in Erenköy. The association
formed its first significant organization near Taksim at “Variette Sinema
Theatre” on 25 March 1915. During the concert a lottery would be held where
people could win one of the presents donated to the organization. After this
relatively minor amusement, the society organized a large festivity at the
Taksim Gardens on 1 July of 1915. The Asker Ailelerine Yard?mc? Han?mlar
Cemiyeti created an original charity activity and in November asked for permission
to place wooden cannon on a central location in the city in which persons,
against donation of certain sum, could hit an iron nail until the whole cannon
would be covered by iron. Enver Pasha gave permission. This original idea could
catch up the interest and the cannon placed at the Beyaz?t Square. Naciye
Sultan and other women’s societies supported this organization by donating
money. Two months later the organization proudly announced that it had
succeeded in raising 17.517 lira with this activity. The cannon remained on the
square until 26 April after it was moved to the Military Museum. The income
provided through all these fundraising organizations was used to purchase food
for the soldiers’ families. Actually, these families had a right to state welfare
in the form of the Muinsiz Aile Maa?? (family allowance), but the state
provisions proved to be far from sufficient1


Another example of how women could visible in society was that Belk?s
?evket, the leader of the Society for the Defense of Women’s Rights, flew
aboard a chartered military plane on behalf of the Ottoman and Muslim women to
demonstrate to her female compatriots that they need to be excluded from any
human activity (See Figure.6).  While she
was flying, she dispatched help call cards to the people of Istanbul and
invited them to donation.2
Ottoman women had clearly worked in earlier periods in a whole range of jobs;
as servants, laundresses, street vendors, factory workers and agricultural
workers, hocas, administrators of vak?fs, midwives, teachers, and surgeons.3 With
the outbreak of the First World War, female civil servants began to be accepted
in government offices. These women officers were not only diligent and
efficient employees, but they were unfair to defend those who claim that Muslim
Ottoman women working with men are immoral.4

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1              Van Os, “Aiding the Poor
Soldiers’ Families” pp. 266-272.

2              Hanio?lu, “A Brief History of
the Late Ottoman Empire,” p. 183.

3              Boyar, “The public Presence and
Visibility of Ottoman Women,” p.247.

4              Yavuz S. “Karak??la, Osmanl?
?mparatorlu?u’nda Sava? Y?llar? ve çal??an Kad?nlar – Kad?nlar? Çal??t?rma
Cemiyeti 1916-1923,” (?stanbul: ?leti?im Yay?nlar?, 2015). p.73.