Diseases returning has been further studied and has created

Diseases such as whooping cough and
measles, which were believed to have eradicated in years past, are now
resurging amongst the human population. Over the past few years’ research has
proven that the disease rates have “hit record highs for the quantities of
people they have infected” (CDC, slide 1 and 2) but, are now slowly eradicating
as they had before. From “1985 to 2000 the amount of deaths associated with
measles averaged anywhere from 400000 to 1200000 people in the United States.”
(CDC, slide 2) Since then there has been a “75 percent decrease, meaning over
15.6 million deaths have been prevented.” (CDC, slide 2) An understanding of
why these diseases are returning has been further studied and has created a
reasoning behind their return.

Pertussis, the other name for whooping
cough is a sickness caused by a bacterium known as “pertussis bacteria.”
(Nathan, page 25) Pertussis bacteria is a bacterium that attacks a person’s “bronchi
and bronchiole, which are the humans breathing passages, and causes
inflammation resulting in narrowed airways.” (Nathan, page 25) It is a disease “found
more commonly in infants than adolescents as small children’s immune systems
are weaker than ones who have had time to develop.” (Bently, page 1)

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Pertussis has many symptoms attached along
with its illness. These include; “shortness in breath, area surrounding the
mouth can change to a shade of blue, drooling may occur, vomit and exhaustion,
which can cause other implications such as susceptibility to other infections
such as, pneumonia and seizures.” (Scott, page 1) Many people will not
experience the easiest symptoms to classify. They will receive the symptoms such
as; “drooling, vomiting and shortness in breath.” (Scott, page 1) These
symptoms can also be “associated with the common cold or pneumonia” (Scott,
page 1) resulting in many infected people not attending the doctor’s office to
properly asses the illness they may have.

Pertussis disease can be prevented. For
infants the “DTaP, Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis vaccination can be given
to them at two months, four months, six months and booster shots can be given
between twelve and eighteen months, or at four or five years of age.” (FDA
Consumer, page 1) It is also advised that women who are pregnant receive the
immunization. It is possible that it can be “fatal to infants so contraction
the disease while pregnant could be fatal to the baby.” (Jennifer, page 1)

Although vaccinations help prevents the
disease, pertussis disease is not one hundred percent preventable, as it is
possible that a person fully immunized may contract this disease just like any
other disease. Although there are methods of speeding up the healing process. “Antibiotics
such as; azithromycin and clarithromycin, medicine that help fight bacteria,
can be prescribed to help lessen the pain and speed up the healing process.” (Bently,
Issue11) It is recommended that you rest as much as possible, so your body has
the proper amount of time to heal.

Measles is viral infection caused by the “paramyxovirus.”
(Corti, page 1) This disease is contracted in a few different ways. From “person
to person” (Corti, page 1) it is spread through bodily fluids, an example of
this could be sharing off the same utensil while eating or it can be spread through
air droplets that have been infected from the cough, sneeze or breath of
another person. The virus will “dwell in the mucus in a person’s nose or throat
for many days before affecting the host.” (Corti, page 1)

Just like pertussis there are multiple symptoms
connected with the measles virus. “On average it takes ten to twelve days for
symptoms to arrive” (Bently, Issue 11) the first one typically being a common “fever.”
(Bently, Issue 11) Following the fever there are many more symptoms. These
include; “a rash that in most cases covers the body, runny nose and pink eye.” (Bently,
Issue 11) It is difficult to identify the virus as these are common symptoms
amongst many other infections. But, the rash is typically the most predominant
factor that helps conclude whether a person has contracted the infection or
not. It typically has an order in which it appears. “It begins at the hairline
and shortly after it spreads to the face. It then affects the upper neck and
works its way down the body.” (Kidshealth, paragraph 3) “If the person who has
contracted the disease goes to the doctor they will run what is called a point
of care test using oral swabs to conclude the issue.” (Bulletin of World Health
Organization, Warenner) 

There is a way of preventing measles. Children
should be vaccinated with measles, mumps and rubella vaccination twice. Their “first
dose should be between the age of twelve months and fifteen months and their second
can be given between the ages of four to six years old, although it can be give
earlier, if at least twenty-eight days have passed since the first dose.” (Helen
Johnson, page 1) “If the child under the age of twelve months will be
travelling outside of the country, it is advised that they receive a dose of
MMR that does not count toward their regular doses as there are high numbers of
outbreaks in foreign countries” (Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, page
2)

Because measles is a viral infection there
is no treatment if you do end up contracting it because the vaccinations are
not one hundred percent effective, and viruses cannot be treated. But, the same
measures that are taken when whooping cough is contracted can be taken when
measles is contracted.

Now that there is an understanding as to
how each disease works… why are they resurging in our population? The studies
have shown that it all comes down to one common factor: improper vaccinations. In
years past the number of children specifically that have been receiving their
vaccinations has been low. In the United States “almost seven percent” (Goodson, page 6)
of children had not received the vaccination. Although it seems like a low
number, in the grand scheme of things it is high.

In association with whooping cough and measles,
there are reasons that certain percentages of the population are not being
properly vaccinated. A study was taken in; “Western Pacific, South East Asia,
Europe, eastern Mediterranean, America and Africa.” (Goodson, page 5) The
results concluded was that each place was “not one-hundred percent covered for
vaccinations,” which is why many people go unvaccinated. This in turn caused
between “59 000 and 750 000” (Goodson, page 5) deaths amongst these places in
fifteen years.

So, in result of the diminution of vaccinations
more and more people are contracting the disease. So, if left unvaccinated
these diseases will continue to infect more and more of the population as it is
spread so easily. Humanity can take a preventative measure to slow down the resurgence,
all it takes is a few vaccinations.