Deviance most of their cleavage in social media and

is a behavior that continues to be viewed differently as society changes. Some
behaviors might be defined as being deviant by some groups and individuals,
however, those same behaviors might not be viewed as deviant to others.
Humphrey (2006) Deviance is considered a vagrant form of human activity, moving
outside the more orderly currents of social life. As history continues to
change, perspectives and beliefs do as well. Before, expressing sexuality was
seen as a taboo. Today celebrities can show most of their cleavage in social
media and magazines and be praised for it. Social construction plays the major
role in regards to the perspectives on deviance. The word deviant is socially
constructed differently depending on personal beliefs and standards. Someone as
small as a toddler might feel guilt in a behavior they engage that can be seen
as the ‘wrong’ thing to do to those who surround him. For instance, a little
boy might cross-dress and his family might be completely fine with it but
others might view it as a deviant behavior. If the little boy walks around in
his neighborhood wearing a pink dress and pink hair bow, he will begin to see
the negative responses he will receive by some people in his community.

Sometimes a deviant behavior is easily
seen when it involves the well-being of people. If a person verbally insults
another person that is seen as deviant by most, depending on the degree of the
insult, if a person murders another person that is definitely seen as deviant
to the majority. Sometimes the history of someone’s behavior does not justify
them; they are simply seen as the ‘bad’ person. Lizbeth A, Crawford, and Novak
(2013) Deviance refers to behaviors that violate social norms and result in
negative sanctions or reactions from others. Majority of the time minorities
are labeled as deviant by higher authorities. Negative stigmas are socially
constructed by oppressors, those with privilege. Through these negative stigmas
you can see countervisuality and visuallity. Countervisually is the right for
the oppressed to look. Mirzeoff (2011) It means requiring the recognition of
the other in order to have a place in which to claim rights and determine what
is right. Mirzeoff (2011) The opposite of the right to look is not censorship,
then, but “visuality,” that authority to tell us to move on, that exclusive
claim to be able to look. Unfortunately, minorities continue to be labeled as
deviant and even thought the legal system is not on their favor, some do not
just cope but speak out to stop the negative stigmas and injustice system.  

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Some deviant acts are seen by breaking
social norms, such as, mores and laws. During Las Vegas shooting, the offender,
Stephen Paddock broke the law and mores by shooting and killing so many
innocent people. Breaking both norms also include the prohibition of murdering
another person. For instance, when Donald Trump was running for president, he
said many racist comments which most white people did not view as wrong. Lizbeth,
etc. (2013) Primary deviance is the behavior in violation of social norms that is
not defined by others within society as deviance. Some theories that are
applied to deviance are, general strain theory, and social control theory.
Deviance is not just seen in a person’s behavior but also how they express
themselves. Negative stigmas create strains but those affected continue to try
to use tactics to prevent these strains. Teachers at Roosevelt High School are
trying to prevent students from low social economic backgrounds to engage in
deviant behavior by having them share their stories. Lizbeth, etc (2013)
According to Merton general strain theory, strain results in the failure to
achieve economic or noneconomic goals, racial discrimination, the removal of
positive stimuli, or the introduction of negative stimuli into someone’s life. Although
some are trying to prevent strains, others try to cope with it. Social control
theory is incorporated to the UCLA racial profiling incident since the victim
Gains shows fear of his life because of his skin color. Gains is obeying the
law but not because he believes they are right but because he is afraid of his
life. Deviant behaviors are socially constructed. When Harvard posted a task
for students trying to get into the university, the students did not hesitate
even though it involved a deviant act. The students discriminated different
groups and minorities through social media. Deviance in this matter is seen as
being social constructed by the students since they received positive feedback
with the negative comments.

Times: Students are more anxious in the Trump Era

Trump can say so many
things about minorities but some people (white people) think there is nothing
wrong with what he says. In the article teachers notice a difference in
students behaviors in response to Trump’s attitude.  Minorities do see trump acting in a deviant
way since he expresses himself by stereotyping everyone who is not white. Since
Trump’s behavior is seen by some people as deviant but not by others, it is
easily to see primary deviance. The teachers noticed students standing up for
Trump’s beliefs. Kohli (2017) Tensions between different racial groups wasn’t
new, many teachers acknowledged, but some said students recently had been
standing up in class and using racial epithets in a way they’d never seen
Trump uses negative stigmas against minorities
and it might sound cruel and bad to those who are affected but there are some
people who actually think what Trump says is true and not a generalization.
People who are impacted the most are minorities since the threat and
discrimination is aimed at them. Negative racial statements will continue to
impact minorities. Visuality comes into place when minorities continue to get
oppressed with negative stigmas. Although negative stigmas affect them, many
continue to become educated, and fight for their rights which brings out

LA Times: Las Vegas Shooting

Paddock who was involved in the mass shooting at Mandalay Bay broke so many
norms and rules with his deviant behavior. Paddock broke mores since he killed
and injured so many people including himself. He definitely broke the social
norm of law since his behavior involved the criminal justice system. Pearce, M., Montero, D., & Winton, R. (2017) Paddock had
killed himself by the time officers entered the room, they said. He started breaking the law as soon as he brought
unregistered weapons in the hotel and continued until he committed suicide.
Although Paddock broke so many norms, he is still not seen as domestic
terrorist but rather seen as a ‘lone ranger’. Many white men who commit these
crimes are always justified with mental illness or as a ‘long ranger’. The
people who were impacted the most were those who lost their lives during the
concert. This tragedy will continue to impact the victims’ families and
friends. Visuality cannot be implied to Paddock but to those minorities who
commit crimes and get categorized as monsters no matter what caused their
behavior. Countervisuality can be implied to those minorities who continue to
fight for equity among race. Since Paddock was a white male committing a crime,
he is shown some justification but when a minority commits such crimes they are
not questioned but simply a danger to society.

LA Times: Roosevelt Middle School Teachers

The teachers and students
at Roosevelt Middle School want discrimination and racism to stop and so the
teachers use a technique call community building circle for students to share
their stories. The student emphasized themselves on sharing their stories in
order to directly have an impact on other students who feel superior. The
teachers are using restorative-justice practice so every student can be aware
that racial discrimination leads to strains which causes the victim to become
stress and anxious. Vega (2017) Roosevelt Middle School is the first campus in
the Glendale Unified School District to pilot restorative-justice practices,
which are alternative methods, such as community-building circles, meant to
help students manage and express their emotions and behaviors with others. This
exercise can impact so many students’ lives. In regards to visuality, the
oppressors uses ‘words’ as his/her tool to belittle a person or group. The
teachers are using countervisuality by allowing their student to express their
thoughts and frustration to one another in order to trigger a movement in end
LA Times:
UCLA Police Officer Racial Profiling

police officer racial profiled a UCLA African American facility employee,
Claudius Gains.  Gains and his attorney
are trying to fight for justice but it is challenging since it involves the
system versus a minority. Social control theory best explains Gains conforming
due to fear. In this article we can see why Gain is conforming rather than why
he would deviate. You can see that Gains is afraid something might occur while
his arrest so he is obeying the officer. Since Gain experienced racial
profiling that lead him to become anxious and afraid. Winton (2014) Douglas
said that Gaines, a probationary employee with the facilities department at
UCLA, had no criminal record and was wearing a UCLA uniform with an identity
badge on a chain around his neck when he was stopped. In regards to racial
profiling, black men are impacted the most. The legal system has labeled black
men and children as a deviant group. The legal system continues to murder
innocent black individuals and always tend to justify it. Visuality is seen in
so many ways with Gains. Gains has been named, categorized, and defined as a
danger to society due to his skin color. Unfortunately, this stigma is still
seen when it comes to racial profiling. Gains was aware that he had rights and
so countervisuality can be seen by Gains getting an attorney and speaking out
about the negative emotions the legal system brings upon the black

NY Times:
The Secret Social Media Life of Teenagers

Deviance is not just seen
within society but can also be seen in social media today. The way people
express themselves in social media continues to spark movements and beliefs. Many
teenagers according to this article continue to engage in deviant behaviors due
to discriminatory posts on social media. 
Negative post can socially contrast negative behaviors like bullying for
instance. Homayoun (2017) Over time, teens’ own values may become convoluted
within an online world of instantaneous feedback, and their behavior online can
become based on their “all about the likes” values rather than their real-life
values. The article talks about students sometimes getting positive feedback
and how the likes influence them to continue expressing themselves on social
media even if it is done in a cruel way like mocking disabled people and
posting racist comments like some teenagers are seen in the article. The people
who are impacted the most are disabled people and minorities since they are
mostly targeted. As social media continues to expand people continue to express
themselves easier. The teenagers deviant behaviors just continues to grow
throughout the positive feedback they continue to receive. This would continue
to impact the victims of cyber bullying. Visuality can be seen through the
psots teenagers post about disabled people and minorities. They are trying to
create followers who have the same racist believes. Those who speak up about
cyber bullying and racism can be seen using countervisuality. They are not
afraid to see the problem and begin movements to change negative thoughts that
continue to be socially constructed.
            For centuries people have dealt with
segregation, oppression, and discrimination. Change starts with the ability to
rise up and fight against injustice actions. Deviance is portrayed throughout
the articles differently among certain groups. Although deviance is usually
viewed as a negative behavior sometimes people are stigmatized in that category
due to their race and socioeconomic backgrounds. The articles show how some
great people are still being labeled and how others who behave deviant are
justified. The legal system is bias when it comes to crimes. Society still
continues to show racism. Individuals still discriminate against people’s
differences.  Today, people from all
around the world are standing up and fighting for equity. When there is hope
for change, there is a possibility to someday look back and feel disgusted
about the system that categorized and separated human beings.