Deforestation twice the amount in the atmosphere today. In

Deforestation is the cutting down of trees, usually in order to make room for human structures such as houses. Cutting down trees increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the air because they release their originally stored Co2 once the tree is dead. About 15% of carbon dioxide emissions are specifically from the deforestation of rainforests alone. This is more than the amount of emissions for trucks and cars globally according to the WCN (World Carfree Network). Coral reefs also help absorb carbon dioxide from the air. Oceans have absorbed around ? of carbon dioxide emissions from humans. The more carbon dioxide in the ocean, the more acidic it becomes. This is called ocean acidification, and it kills the coral reef because it prevents the reefs from absorbing the calcium carbonate needed to keep surviving. The coral reefs are also beneficial to humans for tourism, medicine, and protection of shorelines. Losing the reefs is dangerous. Poor farming practices also have a deep effect on the amount of Co2 in the atmosphere. Currently, our global agricultural practices make up approximately ? of the world’s greenhouse emissions. Pesticides and man-made fertilizers contribute significantly to this total. Factory farming also releases large amounts of methane, which is worse than carbon dioxide. Overall, the methods we use today need some work Permafrost is a combination of ice, plants, soil, and some other materials that remains frozen year round. Global warming causes the permafrost to melt which can have some serious side effects. Researchers have concluded that the Arctic permafrost contains 1.8 trillion tons of carbon. This is more than twice the amount in the atmosphere today. In the permafrost there is also methane, as mentioned before, a gas that traps more heat than carbon dioxide. If we lose the permafrost, then the Earth won’t be in a great place. Deforestation happens all over the globe, but two of the main areas of concern are the Amazon Rainforest and the ancient forests in Indonesia. In the past 86 years, the Amazon has suffered a loss of 768,935 square kilometers. Indonesia has lost more than 275,000 sq. km of forest from 1990 to 2015. This deforestation has terrible side effects on the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. There are many causes for the coral reef destruction, 2 of them being reef bleaching and water pollution. Reef bleaching happens when external water conditions cause the microorganisms in the coral to expel and lose their bright colors. As global warming causes the oceans to get warmer, reef bleaching becomes more common. Due to this, more carbon is released and global warming gets worse. Water pollution also causes the destruction of the coral reefs. Oil spills, waste, and fertilizer contribute to the harm of the coral reefs and block the sunlight from getting to the reefs. Two specific examples of poor farming practices are habitat conversion and gas emissions from fertilizer. Agricultural land is taking over forest habitats to make up for the need of more food for humans. This includes the Amazon rainforest, the rainforests in Indonesia, and the Brazilian savanna. Not only does this put animal species in danger, but also releases more carbon dioxide into the air from the cutting down of trees. The use of pesticides increase the impact of the U.S.’s carbon footprint about 25-30%. Pesticides, fertilizers, oil, and fuel all affect the large amounts of carbon being released with the poor farming practices.Some possible solutions to these problems would be difficult, but would have a positive effect on the world. By improving farming practices and learning to take up less land, we can reduce the amount of deforestation. Plus, if we use less damaging pesticides then the water runoff is less toxic or chemical. As an aftereffect, the coral reefs wouldn’t be dying as quickly. If the human race learns to respect their environment, then deforestation, bad farming practices, and coral reef bleaching would be less common.