Critically was a philosopher who believed in overthrowing the

 Critically account for the continuing relevance of Marxist sociology. Karl Marx, born on the 5th of may 1818 – 1883, in Trier, western Germany. Marx was a philosopher who believed in overthrowing the capitalist ideology as well as the class system as a private property. He considered the separation between the proletariat and the bourgeoise as a very unfair hence why he joined a small communist group. Marx felt as though capitalism had many flaws and stated them in the many books and articles he wrote; including the communist manifesto (1848), the German ideology (1845) and so on. The main topic that Marx wrote about was capitalism and its involvement and contribution to the western world. Marx believed that all existing societies have been built upon class domination, the belief that the ruling class exploits the working class in order for them to remain rich and powerful. However, his political and economic ideas have been used to create terribly planned economies as well as dictatorships which have also led to disasters. Marxist sociology has influenced the way in which a lot of people think and has managed to still remain relevant and applicable to society over the years. However, it is not as appreciated or relevant as it once was. This essay will be looking at the Marxist view as well as evaluating whether it is considered as relevant.  One of the issues that Marx had with capitalism was the fact that it produced an increase in modern work, technology, and industrialisation which he found to be alienating. He stated that work can something which we love and that can be the ‘source of our greatest joys’, however, in order for us to feel as though we are being fulfilled at work it is important that people ‘see themselves un the objects they create’, as stated in the 1844 manuscripts. An example used was a chair. A chair made by a person is considered to be ‘straightforward, strong, honest and elegant’. Marx stated that the person creating a product with such features may not obtain these same qualities all of the time, however, creating the product (chair) allows them to externalise their positive features and seeing the best of themselves in the work that. they produce. However, this is increasingly rare within modern society due to the fact that there has been a large increase in machinery and factories, Marx witnessed society drift from agricultural to industrial and therefore saw the benefits as well as the negatives attached to the capitalist and more modern society. The more industrialise working system was very efficient and produced a lot in a very short space of time which was good for society however it left no room for people to express themselves in the products that they were creating, in other words, they were put in a system where they were working only for wages and their jobs no longer gave them honour or a sense of fulfilment. Marx stated that this leads to alienation (entfrendung) which he described as a disconnect between what you do all day compared to who you are and what you believe you should be contributing to the world. This continues to be relevant to some extent due to the fact that as modern society grows it does result in people simply working to receive money. Many people do not enjoy their jobs, however, feel as though they have to stay there. Although modern neoliberals will argue that nowadays there are many more job opportunities which means that there is no reason why people cannot find jobs that they actually like or find other ways to compensate for the dissatisfaction their job brings them.  Marx, K., and Engels. F. (1967) The Communist Manifesto, ‘Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed’ this extract shows the direct separation between both the bourgeoise and the proletariat as well as showing how the communists view the two classes, hence why they want it to be taken away in order for everyone to be treated equally. Marx believed that the capitalist society was incapable of distributing a reasonable and fair amount of money to the working class. He believed that capitalists will reduce the wages of their labourers in order for them to receive the largest amount of money/ profit possible, resulting in them getting richer whilst the poor remain poor. Marx referred to this as ‘primitive accumulation’ (Ursprungliche Akkumulation). Throughout Marx’s study, he came to an understanding that capitalists are thieves who steal the talent and hard work of the workforce that they employ, therefore, exploiting them. This is relevant in society as this is still taking place. Many transnational cooperation’s exploit the poor, an example of this would be from an article published by the Daily Mail on the 23rd of June 2008. This article clearly shows that capitalism is still present and Marx’s views regarding the wealthy are still applicable. The article was about Primark and how they have exploited their poorer workers in order to receive a larger profit. “children like 11-year-old Mantheesh being paid just 60p a day by factory bosses to work in a refugee camp.” This extract from the article shows how the wealthy have taken advantage of the poor even in our modern society, therefore, showing that Marxism sociology is still relevant as the issues that Marx had with the capitalist society are still taking place. This article also shines light on how far the bourgeoise will go when it comes to busies and making money as they even used children as young as 11 to exploit from, when comparing the amount of money Primark will receive back in profit compared to the amount of money they give their workers, it is clear to see that the rich want to become richer even if it means that the poor will remain poor.  Marxist sociology can be considered as not being relevant to some extent due to the fact that Marx was writing in the 1800’s, there had been a lot of change within that time to the 21st century. One of the main changes will be the fact that the class structure has changed and has become more complex than the proletariat and the bourgeoise, there is now an ‘extensive middle class’. Also, even though there are still some forms of exploitation within society, there has been a large decrease in the amount of exploiting taking place. An example of this would be Henry Ford, he realised that if he paid his workers a good wage it would lead to the workers ‘buying into’ the capitalist system as they have more money to spend on consumer goods. In modern organisations and companies, there is less alienation due to the fact that the employees have a lot more say in how they want their work conditions to be like, the introduction of trade unions is something that contributed highly to this.  To sum this essay up, there are factors within society that show that Marxist sociology is still considered as being relevant and has continued to be relevant. As people still consider their line of work to be alienating them, as they are unable to really express themselves due to the fact that their jobs may not be what they like and they are no longer working for a purpose but only to receive a wage from the ruling class. Exploitation is also something that is still very much part of our society and has been ongoing from the 19th century when Marx was writing, this can be observed through research on many transnational cooperation’s that have sweatshops in order for them to spend the least amount of money on the production of their goods which will result in the overall profit of their products being increased. However, there are also factors as to why Marxism isn’t really relevant as some things that Marx mentioned are no longer applicable as the times have changed and things aren’t done the same way as they were done before. Through gathering all the information, it is clear to see that Marxist sociology still is relevant within society and has been constantly relevant. It has shed light on the issues that capitalism has and aimed to provide ways in which to allow the working class to be more appreciated and allow them to benefit