“Contraception has been used worldwide since ancient times. Writings in Egyptian papyri, the Bible, and Greek and Roman texts indicate the usage of various herb and root preparations for contraception and abortion” (Riddle qtd Teal). Birth control has been used significantly many times in history. It has improved globally since the early 1800s, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became accessible in the 20th century. Birth Control has many good opportunities for women because they can now regulate their cycle, plan or manage family sizes through various methods and provide medical benefits like reduced cervical cancer using modern technologies.Birth control or contraception is the practice of preventing or reducing the probability of pregnancy without ceasing sexual intercourse. Access to safe, relevant, and affordable family planning and abortion care to support women to have children when they want and save lives. It can avoid dangers from pregnancies.
By delaying and spacing out childbearing, a teen girl can expand her chances of finishing school and finding work that will provide a possible income. Modern birth control methods also have health benefits, like improving anemia by reducing menstrual bleeding. Planned fertility undoubtedly impacts the health of children, maternal longevity, and the empowerment of women. Furthermore, controlling fertility reduces the predominance of chronic illness and maternal death from pregnancy-related conditions.Unplanned pregnancies can spot women, men, and families in a hazardous situation that has personal, health, social, and economic results. An unexpected pregnancy can lead a woman and her husband facing pregnancy termination, adoption, or raising an unplanned child (often times under less than ideal conditions.) Contraceptive technologies and research developments in the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases represent raised opportunities for not only controlling fertility but also improving healthy sex practices. “Male and female condoms also prevent the spread of some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV.
” Contraceptive techniques can be divided into three kinds: blockage of sperm transport to the ovum, prevention of ovulation, and blockage of implantation. Also, both men and women can use methods in the first level, whereas those in the latter two kinds are only available to women. Each technique presents different trade-offs among comfort, price, availability, safety, and effectiveness.
“Research continues in all these categories, partly because unplanned pregnancies continue to present personal and public health problems” (Nass and Strauss qtd Melo-Martín). Progress in genome sequencing, materials science (a multidisciplinary field focused on the properties of functional solids), and drug delivery are important aspects of new techniques. Longer-lasting hormone-releasing IUDs are being developed, along with enhanced methods for inserting and removing them. Other techniques involve chemical reactions between ova and sperm or shape the pituitary secretion of certain reproductive hormones in both males and females. Hence, the issue regarding the timing of pregnancy and control over family size now have many solutions. “The independent development of synthetic progesterone in the early 1950s by Frank Colton, a chemist at G.
D. Searle pharmaceuticals, and Carl Djerassi, working for Syntex, a pharmaceutical company based in Mexico, allowed Gregory Pincus to create what would become known as the birth control pill. That development sparked a revolution in contraception” (Melo-Martín). The combination pill can also decrease or help prevent: bone thinning; cysts in the breasts and ovaries; acne; endometrial and ovarian cancers; iron deficiency (anemia), PMS (premenstrual syndrome).
Birth control pills lower the risk of ovarian cancer, particularly among women who use them for 5 years or more. These women have about half the risk of getting ovarian cancer compared with women who never used the pill. All birth control, including pills, patches, injections, and rings can achieve the same protection by blocking ovulation. The longer that you stay on birth control pills, the more protection you get. Emergency contraception, also known as post-coital contraception, includes any method that is performed after intercourse to avoid pregnancy.
The Yuzpe method uses COC pills to deliver two large doses of hormones, separating twelve hours apart. The most active method of birth control is abstinence. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has said that sex education that includes information about both abstinence and birth control is a sufficient way to keep down the rate of teen pregnancy.