Contents groups of the employees working in a formal


2 FUNCTIONS OF FORMAL GROUPS. 2 Set specific Goals for the organization: 2 Establishing working relationship: 2 Create group cohesiveness: 2 Organizational Development: 2 Discipline: 2 Human Resource Development: 2 Establishing organizational credentials: 2 STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT WITH DIAGRAM… 2 Forming. 2 Storming. 2 Norming. 2 Performing.

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2 Operant Conditioning. 2 Cognitive Learning. 2 Social Learning. 2 A3. 2 WHAT ARE ATTITUDES?.



A.P.J. ABDUL KALAM… 2 References.

2                          A1. CASE STUDYWHAT ARE GROUPS?Groups are a fundamental part of social life, which can bevery small as just two people or can be very large more than 2 people. They canconsist any number of people in a group.

In a group, people who can identify each other they can sharetheir ideas and experience of common areas which can get confident and toachieve their goals. And also most important point is, if division of labour isincrease in group it may lead to increase their productivity.  (interpersonal skills, 2011 – 2017) CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUP BEHAVIORIn this case, I have identify many characteristic by seenbehaviors of group members. There are; FUNCTIONS OF FORMAL GROUPSSet specific Goals for theorganization: A formal organization has to usual exact goals for the employeesworking in it. By accomplishing the goals individually succeeded theorganization as a whole will be do good to in achieving the eventual goals.Establishing workingrelationship: In the formal organization, the primary goal is to found aneffective working connection and to begin a clear chain of command.

Theeffective work relationship is the most important thing for the goals.Create group cohesiveness: Creatingan intelligence of cohesiveness and bits and pieces among the groups of the employeesworking in a formal in a formal organization. The employee relational dealingsis important for the functioning of an organization.Organizational Development: Aformal organization works on the structural development by testing all therules and regulations and the chain of doings as a present. Organization noticesany problem and work to change them if essential for better service.Discipline: Disciplinewithin an organization is important to change to the best result of it. Theorganization management has to find a correct way to succeed proper discipline.Human Resource Development: Ithelps in other human wealth of development activates such as recruitment,promotions, career planning an envelopment and manpower planning.

The importantway of an organization is its employees. A formal organization gives the occasionto treat the human resources within the organization. The development and progressof human resource are easy in a formal organization.Establishing organizationalcredentials: Formal organization creates organizational credentials also amongthe different parties within or outside the organization.

Strict obedience withsweet rules creates a good image of both management as well as theorganization. (rasel, 2013)STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT WITH DIAGRAM By group development we mean the stages that work groups go from end to end as they goforward and grow. It involves forming, norming, performing, storming andadjourning.FormingThe forming stage is when the group is justformed and members are formally placed together in a work group. At this agepeople don’t talk each other. They feel shy to talk other workers and to sharetheir ideas with them, as they think if it is wrong they may make fun of it. Soin this stage there will be a strangers for each other.StormingIn this group it will start thecommunication at each other.

They will share their feeling and start to dealwith each other. It known as sub-grouping and confrontation stages.NormingThe group sets norms, tries to reach somedegree of cohesiveness, understands the goals of the group, starts making gooddecisions, expresses feelings openly and makes attempts to resolve problems andattain group effectiveness. PerformingIn this stage people are confident and havetrust to each other.

The group assesses member’s performance so the membersdevelop and grow. In this level the performance will be high and membersatisfaction.AdjourningThis is the last stage which in this stagethe group prepares for its disbandment. Members will take high response toachieve their goals. (Sinha k. , n.d.

)  A2. LEARNINGWHAT IS LEARNING?Learning is the process of acquiring the ability to respondadequately to a situation which may or may not have been previouslyencountered. It is relatively permanent change in behavior as a result ofprevious experience.HOW DID THE DIVERSENATURE NATURE OF THE GROUPAFFECT THE COMMITTEE’S ACTION?THEORIES OF LEARNING WITH EXAMPLEThere are four main theories of learning.

Classical ConditioningClassical conditioning is the connotation ofone event with another sought after event resulting in a behavior. Classicalconditioning signifies only a very small part of total human learning. So ithas a limited price in the study of organizational behavior.

 Operant ConditioningOperant is defined as behavior that produceseffect. Operant conditioning contends that behavior is a function of itsconsequences. if the consequences are favourable behavior is likely to berepeatable but if it is not fvourable the behavior will not be repeatable. Cognitive LearningThe cognitive theory make out the starringrole of an organism in receiving, memorizing, saving and read between the linesthe stimulus and reacting to it.

The cognitive description of learning differsfrom classical conditioning and operant conditioning. It is succeeded bythinking about the apparent relationship between events and individual goalsand prospects.Social LearningIndividuals can also learn by detecting whathappens to other people and just by being told about something, as well as bydirect experiences. learn from observing and reproducing models-parents,teachers, peers, superiors, film stars etc. This view that we can learn throughboth observation and direct experience has called social learning theory. (Sinha, n.

d.)A3. WHAT ARE ATTITUDES?Attitude defined as a trend to react positively or negativelyto a person or situations. It is the way ofbeing or act, behavior also can be well thought-out some form of socialmotivation. There are three component of attitudes which are emotional,information and behavioral. Each of these components are the tendencythat results in some special response on the way to the object or thesituation. ( Definition of Attitude, 2013)IF YOU WERE IN JOSE’S POSITION, WHAT WOULD YOU HAVEDONE DIFFERENTLY? WHAT WOULD YOU DO NOW? CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD LEADERSHIPWe are in need of good leaders to help guide usand make the essential large-scale decisions that keep the world moving. Thereare many characteristic of a good leadership.

There are; The first of these is beingflexible. Everything will not goes as planned. Competitors change strategies,governments force new regulations on business, strikes break the flow ofproducts, and, infrequently, natural disasters occur. So, leaders have to beable to change those thing like as make sure their businesses will survive, andthen find a new way to achieve their goals.The second characteristic is communication. Some leaders are greatspeaker with confident and skill. Leaders who communicate are not share theirthoughts with employees, but also let their strong point and personality showthrough in their communication, and authorize those who work for them by outliningthe company’s goal.

A third characteristic of great leaders is having courage andpatience. Having the courage and tenacity to not give way to pressure, and thepatience to keep fighting until you win the day.The fourth characteristic is the mixture of humility and presence.Leaders have to be capable to talk and listen to their employees on each levelsof the company. At the same time, they must have the respect of theiremployees, the kind of respect that’s earned by being honest, and being hardbut fair.The final characteristic of a successful leader is beingresponsible. When there is guilt to be accepted, the owner must be the firstone to accept it.

But it also means that when great compliment are suitable,they should be spread out among the employees. (MCBEAN, 2013) EXPLAIN NATURE VS NUTURE IN PERSONALITYEveryone has a different personality. About nature, it refers to all of the genetic material and inherited factors that influence whowe are from our physical presence to our personality features. On the otherhand, Nuture is to all the environmental fixed pattern that waves who we are.It include as early childhood experiences, our social relationships, and oursurrounding culture. (Cherry, 2017)THEORIES OF MOTIVATIONMotivation is theprocess of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goals. There aremany theories in motivation which can achieve to their goals.

One of the mostimportant theory is self-Actualization needs. It represent the higher needs ofhuman being. As human wants are unlimited. The final step under the need hierarchymodel is the need for self-actualization like as fulfillment.The second theory is Esteem needs, which arerespect to your-self. It include such as self-confidence, achievement,competence, knowledge and independence. If you are having those personalitythet you will have the strength and capability of being useful in theorganizational.The third theory is social needs.

It is anindividual’s prefer to work in groups and especially older people go to work.The fourth theory is safety. These needsfind expression in such requirements as economic security and protection fromphysical dangers. Meeting these needs necessitates more earn and, hence, theindividual is encouraged to work more. Like physiological needs, these becomequiet once they are satisfied. (Chand, n.d.)The last theory is physiological needs whichare basically need to human life.

It include food, clothing, shelter, air,water and necessities of life. Those things are to survival and maintenance ofhuman life.A4. LEADERSHIPINTRODUCTIONLeader is the person who lead or command a group,organization or a country. About the leadership, it is a process by which a managerialcan direct, guide and impact the behavior and work of others to achievement ofspecific goals in a given situation.

They are required to develop the betterfuture to next generation, and to motivate their members to want to achievetheir dreams. (leadership, n.d.


J. ABDUL KALAM AvulPakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 into aMuslim family in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father was a boat owner while hismother is housewife. He had four elder sibling and he was the youngest childfrom the family. He never married as he spend his whole life for his siblingand their extend families.

He was very simple person who lived anunpretentious lifestyle. A.P.J. AbdulKalam grew up in poverty and distributed newspapers as in a young age tocontribute to his father’s meager income. He always struggle the pressfollowing failed tests at ISRO and believed responsibility for his mistakes butnever apply for the credit for any of the huge successes achieved at theorganization. He was the first bachelor to become the president and firstscientist reside in Rashtrapati Bhawan.

Kalam was the third President of Indiato have been honored with a Bharat Ratna before being elected to the office ofPresident. He was known to write his own thank you cards with personalizedmessages in his own handwriting. He had a keen interest in literature and wrotepoems in his innate Tamil.

A.P.J. AbdulKalam expected office as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002.Over thecourse of his five-year term, he keep on loyality to his vision of transformingIndia into a developed nation and thus spent a lot of time leading one-on-onemeetings with young people to stimulate them to achieve their best. He showedto be very popular with the citizens of the country and became known as the”People’s President.

‘ He was however complained for not taking any real actionson the compassion petitions of convicts on death. When he became President, he took a unique stand. He understoodthat the best way to make an influence was to reach out to the children. He wasa president to the nation and a God to the children.

Dr Kalam always learned from his failures, he represented strength fromthem. That was a lesson he learned from his professor Sathish Dhawan.  Dr Kalam was a great leader. He never exposed the shortcomings of thefailures of his team, instead, he took responsibility for them. He had a wonderful gift for catch a glimpse of talent and know fromcorner to corner of various fields.

 He could stand anywhere and motivate people.Dr Kalam commanded supreme respect in the science and technology circles aswell as the academia, not just because of his work as a scientist but becauseof his behavior.  In conclusion, he continued active till the very end.

While delivering alecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong on 27 July 2015,suddenly he fall down and was rushed to the Bethany Hospital. He was confirmeddead of a cardiac arrest. The Government of India declared a seven-day statemourning period as a mark of respect. When he was died his age was 83 years.

And his body brought to his homeland and laid with full state honors on 30 July2015. (Editors, 2017) References Definition of Attitude. (2013, January 29). Retrieved from Didactic Encyclopedia: Chand, S. (n.

d.). Top 8 Theories of Motivation – Explained! Retrieved from Your Article Library. Cherry, K.

( 2017, August 15). What Is Nature vs. Nurture? Retrieved from verywell: Editors, T. (2017, February 2).


Abdul Kalam Biography. Retrieved from https://www. interpersonal skills.

(2011 – 2017). Retrieved from https://www. leadership. (n.d.).

Retrieved from Management student guide: MCBEAN, B. (2013, January 24). Retrieved from Fast Company: rasel.

(2013, December 15 15). 7 Major Functions of Formal Organization. Retrieved from bank of info: Sinha, k. (n.

d.). Top 5 Stages of Group Development. Retrieved from Your article Library: Sinha, K. (n.

d.). Top 5 Theories of Learning . Retrieved from Your Article Library: