Committee: of health concerns exist in refugee camps across

Committee: World Health

Topic Area: Health
concerns amongst refugees in the Middle East and the Mediterranean     

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Country: The Republic of


A.  The
Republic of Slovenia believes that urgent and rampant issues of health concerns
exist in refugee camps across countries which have admitted mass refugees
through its national borders. The input of highly transferable pathogens has
shown the immense risk that is posed to the thousands, if not millions of
refugees in such vulnerable sites.


In the Middle East and the Mediterranean, there
are a record number of refugees who are in ominous need of help. Entities are
absconding war-torn areas in order to find refuge however the facilities which
are indispensable according to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are scarce. These
refugees endure in insubstantial tents unable to envisage their future until
their asylum or refugee application is administered.


The Republic of Slovenia believes that it is
crucial that these susceptible refugees receive amenities instantaneously. The
deficiency of infrastructure and awareness is the primary cause of this turmoil
and many of these detrimental diseases can be evaded if appropriate action is


B.  In the
Republic of Slovenia, there have been circa 1, 180,000 refugees who have traversed
the border. Majority of these refugees have access to first-aid until their
asylum request is processed. The most common health issues which are tackled by
refugees in Slovenia include diarrhea, dehydration, lung diseases and


is battling this through service reserves which provide medication, sanitary
supplies, and medical devices.  Slovenia
also plans on using RE-HEALTH2 which assimilates migrants and refugees into EU
Health Systems. The system’s prime objective is to contribute to the health system
through health valuations that make medical records accessible to health
professionals within and from reception to destination countries. The data
collection is then used to meet migrants’ and
refugees’ health needs thus contributing towards the steadiness of care for the


C. i. Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases

To combat the inadequate importation and
insanitary quality of water in the Middle East and Mediterranean Refugee camps,
Governments must provide grants to build wells, storage tanks and pumping
systems which are currently priced at roughly $10,000. This will increase the currently
limited supply of water. To certify the cleanliness of the water, a
humanitarian aid worker must conduct checks daily. This project will alleviate
the need for water delivery trucks which are insufficient on a long-term basis.
This will, in turn, increase clean water supply to the camp. This project will
eradicate cases of Cholera and Dysentery. To fight Leishmaniosis, refugee camp
workers must be provided adequate resources by the local hospital or
governments, it is imperative that this is actioned in order to stop the spread
of this contagious illness. Tuberculosis, a respiratory disease can be
prevented through ensuring that camp workers communicate with refugees (through
translators if necessary) about the deadly effects of tobacco. Doing this will
eradicate the prevalent problem of tuberculosis. Chronic diseases which are
seen within some refugees must be given attention. Refugee camps must provide
services to treat and diagnose refugees who have long-lasting difficulties. The
silent killers are often the most dangerous. The Republic of Slovenia believes
prevention is better than cure.


ii. At-Risk Populations

In order to abolish the issue of lack of
specialty care and medication, governments can provide refugees with certain
health cards. These cards can be used to attend consistent checkups and to pay
for expensive medication. The card acts as a provisional credit card, once the
refugee is employed and working with tolerable income, the debt must be paid. This
will solve numerous issues which will also have a huge effect in the treating
of diseases in the immune-compromised. This will also in-turn guarantee that
refugees in the urban area are given access to adequate health care. A fallacy
that exists within the mentality of some refugees is the fact that
breastfeeding is inefficient if the woman is stressed and exhausted, this can
be overcome through public gatherings which will elucidate their
misconceptions. This will prevent malnutrition from the conceived child.
Refugees who are stable health-wise and who were past doctors must also be
given an opportunity to help their fellow people. The lack of doctors leads to
overwhelmed medical duties and procedures, training doctor refugees will aid in
the quick progress and assimilation of plenty of refugees.


iii. Mental Health
Amongst Refugees