Canada played a major role in WWII.
Men and women all across Canada participated through various ways to help with war efforts. Using technologies, changing social norms, and sacrificing their lives to meet the constant, high demands of the war. This role that Canada played in WWII was the cause of many new changes, that will have an everlasting impact on Canada. Canada’s role was the most historically significant to Canada during WWII. Men and Women, old and young all helped out with war efforts by working in munition factories. This rise of jobs created from war brought the unemployment rate in Canada down to 3 percent. Women also started taking up jobs that are typically done by men and facilities like daycares were open to help women work effectively. Additionally, the introduction of new technology deeply affected the wars fought in WWII.
Many strategies and warfare relied on these technologies. As a result, wars were also started due to new technology. Furthermore, the Canadian contributions to WWII were tremendous.
Many Canadians were killed in action, and many also became prisoners of war, separating them from their families and forced into labour. Canada’s role in WWII affected millions of lives around the nations, from soldiers on the battle to family and friends back at home. Every single one of their lives was affected by war. All in all, the role Canada played in WWII, was the most historically significant to Canada with the lives it affected and social norms like roles of women, drastically changing in WWII.With men joining the army and fighting overseas, the social norms of women began to change, affecting women all over Canada. Consequently, with the role Canada played in WWII, women started picking up the workload back at home and worked in munition factories. Women also started working jobs usually thought as jobs for men, but their efforts in WWI were recognized and they were considered being capable.
In contrast to WWI, many continued to work after the war. A woman war worker, quoted in B. Broadfoot, “six war years” had said ” husbands and boyfriends came back from the war and found their wives and girlfriend just weren’t prepared to start washing dishes again. It must have been quite a shock. But some women had ferried air forces to Britain, others drove ambulances and worked in canteens serving troops, or in war plants handling very expensive tools working on equipment, planes, instrument panels and things.
And the companies found they could do better than men…she found she enjoyed working outside, with real live people and not being cooped up at home talking baby tom to an 18-month-old and three years old”. Women were recognized for their efforts and were given the same health benefits as men. With this in mind, the government also opened daycares to help working mothers.
In a speech by Elliot littles, she said, ” The introduction of women info plants which have never been before employed women obviously necessitate provision of suitable plant facilities exclusive for use by women… arrangements have been made already by selective service… for financing establishing and supervising of adequate daycare”. With women slowly being recognized for their abilities and with Canada’s major role in WWII, all the men and women were needed for war efforts. Under those circumstances, Canada started actively recruiting women to enlist in the Canadian army corps. By the end of the war, almost 50 000 women had enlisted. These women fought alongside men, parachuting out of planes to assist with war efforts. Although they were not sent to the front lines, they did essential work behind the field. This is a huge step towards changing roles of women. In one instance, several women parachuted into occupied France to assist in the underground war against Hitler, when captured, and most were.
They experienced torture and liquidation at the hands of Gestapo. To sum up, the social norms around women drastically changed due to the war and Canada’s role. Women had the same health benefits as men, worked in many different work fields and were allowed contribute on the battlefield. Canada’s role in WWII changed women’s role forever, affecting the lives of millions.Technology had a profound effect on Canada in WWII, with constant new technology affecting the various wars like the battle the Atlantic, and the Dieppe war. The importance of being able to use the technology effectively and having the upper hand was crucial during the war. The introduction of the 4th roder on the enigma machine led to the battle of Dieppe, costing the lives of hundreds of Canadians. Canadian navy played a key role, the marine units were called in to save the Laucaust and serve as a distraction.
This battle took place because the allies wanted the 4th roder, but the plan ended up going horribly wrong. 94 percent of over 6000 Canadian soldiers who landed on Dieppe sacrificed their lives and much more were taken as prisoners of war, only to return back to Canada years later. R. Munro in the book “Gauntlet to overlord” shared his experiences, “A dozen Canadians were running along the edge of the cliff… they carried their weapons and some were firing as they ran. But some had no helmets, some were already wounded, their uniforms all torn and bloody. One by one they were cut down and rolled down the slope to the sea”. The introduction of new technology did not always lead to tragedy, however. Inventions like the radar, often helped the Canadian navy with taking down U-boats and allowed the Canadian air force to do long-range bombing.
The new radar was introduced in 1943, and the H2S was radar mounted in the plane which bounced radio waves off the ground as the plane flew to the target, allowing navigators to fix their position accurately. With this invention, clouds and bombing in the dark is no longer an obstacle. By the end of the war, no. 6 group had flown 40 822 sorties and dropped 126 122 t of bombs.
Another big invention were Corvettes, without corvettes thousands of merchant ships would be taken down by U-boats and the supplies needed for warfare would be cut off. Canadian warships conveyed 25 343 merchant vessels carrying 184 558 550 t of cargo to the united kingdom. With a war going on, supplies became a very important and the Atlantic became a battleground, many had been to be left behind. D. Macintyre shared his experiences of having to make a difficult decision of rescuing or moving on, ” The unfortunate ship..
.had been hit…sank in two minutes..
.searching for the boat, we pass survivors who were scattered in icy water… no boat had survived… it was an appalling decision…to stop or go on, but leaving her place in the search, the ship would leave a gap… more attacks could be made and more men drowned.
We had to go on…” A total of 31 Canadian warships were lost during the war, and a total of 319 wounded and 1 981 killed from the RCN. To sum it up, Canadians utilized these new technologies and made a tremendous impact on WWII. The introduction of these technologies created some first-time events like the Dieppe pinch raid. This was due to the major role that Canada played in WWII providing support and aid, but through this process, many lives were lost, and much more were affected. The battles found during WWII affected millions of lives, maybe even the whole nation. Canada’s role in the battle Hong Kong ended tragically with 290 Canadian soldiers dying in battle, and hundreds of Canadian soldiers becoming prisoners of war for 3 and a half years, forced into labour and lived in very harsh conditions.
CSM Red Winsor, who was once a prisoner of war in Japan recalled “one of my boys caught a rat and cooked it, and he saved me a small portion. I sat it on top of my rice while it was still hot, so I could taste that flavour through the rice. When you’re starving, anything tastes good.” During their time of being prisoner of war, 260 Canadian prisoners died in brutal captivity, and the survivors found themselves disconnected from their family and friends for 3 and a half years. Furthermore, the Canadian Navy and the Canadian royal air force played a key role in allied efforts in the battle of Atlantic. By the end of the war, Canada had one of the biggest navies in the world.
With 373 commisioned vessels and 95 000 men and women in uniform. The RCAF, on the other hand, had more than 164 000 personnel including 16 000 women becoming the fourth largest air force in just 6 years. Finally, in the battle of the Netherlands, Canadians worked with allied troops and quickly pushed the Nazis from the west.
This was the beginning of the end of the Nazis, in freeing Belgium and the Netherlands, more than 7600 Canadian soldiers died. One Dutch teenager at the time recalled ‘as the tank came nearer. . .
There was a big hush over all the people and it was suddenly broken by a big scream, as if it was out of the earth. And the people climbed on the tank. .
. And they were crying. And we were running with the tanks and the jeeps all the way into the city.” The contributions of the soldiers sacrificed, freeing Belgium and the Netherlands are still acknowledged by the Dutch even till this day, with thousands of tulips bulbs sent to Ottawa yearly as an acknowledgement. Canada’s major role in WWII, led hundreds of thousands of people across Canada joined the navy and the air force to contribute to war efforts, for a country with less than 12 million people at the time, the number of lives it affected back at home was remarkable and the effects of them can still be seen today, with veterans still talking about their experiences, educating younger generations and the historical memorials built to remember all that was sacrificed.
To conclude, Canada’s role in WWII was a very historically significant event to Canada, The efforts and contribution Canadians put in, deeply affected Canada and had an everlasting impact on millions of Canadians. Women were given benefits and privileges the same as men. They also started doing many jobs normally thought to be for men, and enlisted in the army, standing shoulder to shoulder with men. In addition, new technology was constantly used and the need to always have the newest technology, trigger the Dieppe raid, which Canadians played a huge part in, resulting in the hundreds of lives sacrificed. Similarly, the contribution women and men made in the various wars throughout WWII affected Canada significantly. Without our role in the WWII, the wars would have been a lot more difficult.
The different roles Canada played, throughout the war, changed Canada significantly, from technology to social norms, WWII changed the Canadian society forever. The sacrifices and efforts made in WWII are still recognized today.