bs2Itis just change resource but all writing for old recourse(mith,2015)According to Walter 2010, the community portraysvarious perceptions regarding the use of industrial treated water depending onthe purposes to which the treated water was reused. Because of this, a researchconducted in San Francisco revealed that the public had different opinionsregarding the purposes of industrial treated water. For example, it wasdetermined that 30% of the respondents approved the water to be used inagricultural irrigation, 90% of the respondents agreed that the water be usedin concrete production and 18 % we in agreement of the portable uses of thetreated water. From the same research also, it was established a number ofrespondents were not sure on how treated wastewater from industries should beput into use. The table below shows the reaction on the level of acceptance onvarious uses of treated industrial water by various respondents:Thegoal of industrial water treatment is to remove the solid wastes in it, thepathogenic microbes and chemical contaminators that are found in untreated water.
In this case, the sludge is the solidby-product obtained from the treatment ofwaste water from the oil and gas companies. As a result, of the bans of dumpingsludge in oceans, offered in the United States and the United Kingdom, sludgeis typically landfilled, incinerated orapplied to land to act as a fertilizer (Walters, 2010). The above is because sewage waste from industries containsnutrients from the human wastes which can make the soil rich in nutrients sincean additional treatment will reduce the bad odor, heavy metals and otherharmful bacteria which will make the latter usedto the soil (Smith, 2015).Despite its benefits, however, the use ofsludge from industrial treated water on land has faced a lot of opposition fromthe public. In this regard, therefore,the engineers and the management of the industries that treat their wastewaterhave become the center of attraction tothe public and most scholars. According to research conducted in the fields ofEnvironmental studies, Soil Engineering, Agriculture and biology have proventhe implication of the using manufactured industrial products such asfertilizer and treated industrial water not only in Agriculture and theenvironment but also if consumed or used by the public. This is because a continued application of sludge from treatedindustrial water into the soil will result ina pile-up heavy metal, harmful organismsand eventually will lead to the depreciation of the value of the soil (Walters, 2010).
Industrial wastewater treatment isdesigned to preserve and maintain a healthy state of the human life and the healthinessof the environment in general. Together, all of these have contributed to themushrooming of water treatment plants and companies initiated by thegovernments, municipal council and private companies. Currently, waterengineers and other water experts recognize the treatment of water to be the cheapestand the easiest way of providing water to the public (GE Power and Water, 2012). bs1 On the same note, according to theNational Research Council’s assessment on the reuse of water states that theuse of reclaimed industrial water is to supplement portable water to possess great potentials of meeting the futuresincreasing demand for water (GE Power and Water, 2012). Therefore, for long-termwater planners, investing in watertreatment plants is one of the most lucrative projects they will engage in. However, the confidence shared by theexperts who deal with the treatment of water more so in industries is not thesame confidence shared by the public on the usage of treated water or sludge (GE Power and Water, 2012).bs2