Blinded bypower , markets tend to ignore human rights and take advantage of the voicelesspart of the society. Nowadays , there are plenty of situations where humanrights are exploited or handled unfairly. Even though people’s incentives arenot always bad , cheap labor means cheap prices and therefore bigger profits.Everyday new problems about employees’ rights can be seen on the news but themajority tend to ignore it. Employees living in third world countries are takenadvantage by powerful companies all around the world.
Quite often , it doesn’thave to be legally working employees ; prisoners, immigrants , and evenchildren are obligated to work really hard and get nothing in return comparedto the energy and time they spend. We usually call this kind of workers captiveemployees , these are workers who accept working in bad conditions because theyhave no other option. These captive employees are usually not even aware oftheir human or working rights mainly because of the lack of education.
Humanrights are a set of moral guidelines that promote and protect a recognition ofour values and ability to ensure an adequate standard of living. Without therecognition of human rights , people will be treated as objects or animals andwe will go back years earlier when the world was run by totalitarian regimebuilt on slavery . In order to analyze this subject more deeply ; we can askourselves the following question : To which extent human/labor rights make amarket based on captives employees rightful ? A literature review will be used to answer this questions . In the firstsection , further explication and threetheories about the subject will begiven. In the second section , the articles will be used as an example toempower the theories.
In the third section , an hypothesis about the theorywill be concluded with advices of what will be helpful in the future. 1.Descriptiveanalytic When employers treat their workers withrespect, the workplace can be a place of self-fulfillment. When they treatworkers with contempt, however, it turns into a site of exploitation andhumiliation . Human rights are valuable for workers. They give workers a voiceand offer political and moral space for the most vulnerable of groups, such asthe unorganized, under-skilled, and undocumented.
In most of the markets , it feels likethere is choice to be made between money and morals , it is not impossible butdifficult to obtain a market that has reached both , managers can be filled bygreed and let their principles vanish because of the urge to succeed and earn alot of money. It is hard to find coexistence between money and morals. Human rights , in this case laborrights , are really important for keeping the life and mental health of worker’s safe, without this rights theworld would be a place where anyone who has power could treat the less luckyones with disrespect. Human rights protect those who do not have chance toprotect themselves. All in all , humanrights is the protection of the captive employees and makes the labor market asafer place. Treating the workers and giving them theproper rights is not just a social question , the well-being of employeesaffect their performance , therefore the profit of the firm , if workers arenot treated well and respected in the working environment , their work will benot efficient enough because of multiple factors such as tiredness or lack ofmotivation. A market based on greed andself-interest is not only wrongful butat the same time not profitable in long terms.2.
Opinion Captive employeeis a large term , but the best way to define it, is to say that captiveemployees have very limited choice of work , they generally do not have aneducational background , they accept to work in poor conditions because theycannot do anything else , they are in some way figuratively “captive” becausethey have no freedom to choose alternatives or to avoid working like that. Oneof the first thing that comes to mind when captive employee is mentioned areprisoners .For example in the article of the Economist (2017), it is said that US prison labor is legallyrequired but the inmates earn less than 1 dollar to produce everything frommattresses to road signs. The amount of money they earn is scarcely any that itcan even be compared to slavery , The opinions on this subject are contrary ,some think that prisoners should not profit from their punishment even if it’sa ridiculously small amount of money, other thinks that it defeats idleness andmay help to give the prisoners some skill. Like prisoners , sex workers can be seen as captive employees ; in their research Benoit , Cecilia ( 2001) analyzed sex workers conditions in Canada, and it is shown that factors like workplace violence with poorwork conditions , not having a place to seek refuge from danger , drug use ,being terrified of police interventions or having a STD affect the stress level and health of many Canadian sexworkers , the stress was a big influence of their working condition and these conditions need to be improved to ahealthier labor environment. Another subject that consist of captive employeesare low-wage workers , for example in the article of Rachel Abrams ( 2017) , it says that Bangladesh exports billions ofdollars of clothes each year , but it factories are deadly overcrowded buildings, limited oversightand a government that has historically repressed workers’ efforts to organizeand fight for better conditions. Customers generally know about theseconditions since they see it quite often on the news , but usually they donothing since it suit their interest , workers in Bangladesh work in terribleconditions and got paid poorly , but without it the clothes would be doubleprice based on the fact that if the factories pay them more , they will be obligated to charge more for the clothes .
In Bangladesh , many workers tried to protest because of their low wage andwork conditions but they were easily arrested by the police and got accused ofvandalism and other sort of crimes. The situation has improved since the collapseof a big factory which lead to thousands of deaths but still the minimum wagein Bangladesh remains 32 cent an hour and the government manages to silence theprotesting workers. . Humanrights literature generally do not mention labor rights , but labor rightsshould be a form of human rights and it has to be more intensify . In all thearticle seen if there is one thing common it is the lake of application of human rights in the world and these are itsconsequences. In this article Chan(1998) talks about Chinese workers who are victims of labor rights violation, they work in terrible conditions without any liberty , for example sometimesthe factory management collects the workers’ residential permits and identitypapers for “safekeeping” , so without the permit, workers cannot go onto thestreets without becoming vulnerable in case of a police identity check , thisis a violation of the freedom to move . They even sometime used privatesecurity guard to check on the workers , which is can be an accurate comparisonto the prison, and these security guards are not just for show ; even the BeijingReview admits to an excessive use of police force.
This is aviolation to the no torture nor physical abuse right of the human rights and tothe prohibition of all forms of forcedlabor stated in the five core labor standards. The terrible condition are soserious that a lot of workers had their arm or fingers chopped off . TheseChinese workers are seeking their rights by yelling sentences like “We migrantworkers are human too!”.A morally responsible behavior is to treat people regardingto their personal human and labor rightsand not regarding your self-interest. It’s to think about others as much as youthink about yourself . it is generally hard to agree on the morally acceptablesince everybody’s perspective of moral is different , but there are somecertain points which are not arguable like the child labor or safety and nopsychical abuse. But those rights are not always followed since powerfulpeople’s self-interest corrupt with the workers’ rights. When you ask peoplewhat is morally acceptable , in every research it is seen clearly that theresponses vary regarding the countries , which means regarding to differentcultures.
The basic rights of an employee such as having a break or havingvacations may seem nothing for developed countries , but it is not the samecase for developing countries. Morals are not the only thing that differs amongcountries to influence the working conditions , economic situation also affectsworker’s conditions ; for example , a worker in the Netherlands and a worker inChina does not work with the same conditions even though they might do the samejob. As it said before , customers are not comfortable with product made inpoor conditions , they in most cases just accept the situation , for severalreasons , but the main one is that they don’t want to pay more for the sameproduct , they think their own budget and their own interest which is wrong butunderstandable , and also it is a difficult situation to change since we aretalking about millions of workers and big international companies who operateson them .Based on these findings in China and similar situations in other Asiancountries like Indonesia and Vietnam, the legal minimum wages are the lowestpossible prices these governments have set to sell their workers’ labor in theinternational labor market while maintaining their workers’ physical survival .But this often becomes the maximum priceinternational investors are willing to pay, or not pay if they can get awaywith it. Even though they can try to maintain workers physical survival , theFoxconn suicides are the prove that it is not enough ; The absence of fundamental labor rights withinthe global production regime driven by Apple and its principal supplier Foxconnhave become a central concern for Chinese rural migrant workers .
In the articleChan(2013) , the life of a Chineseworker who survived the suicides is explained , Yu’s lived experienceillustrates how the company’s obsession with production goals, business growthand profits frequently results in the sacrifice of the basic human needs of itsworkers and their labor rights , Chinese sociologists have warned that theFoxconn tragedies should be seen as ‘loud cries for help from the newgeneration of migrant workers’.Relativityand Objectivity is the key factor forthis issue , using captive employees to obtain better profit and businessgrowth might be and is morally wrong since it is against the labor and humanrights , but it is too easy to say that it’s wrong and all should be changed ,what people generally do not see is the further complications , let’s say thatall violation of labor rights are abolished , this means that workers work in abetter environments , earn more , children don’t work , big companies do notuse inmates and make them work for cents , this all might seem great in thefirst sight but there are bigger economic concerns that might come intoexistence following this decision . Forexample , if the workers are paid better , this means that the company shouldpay everybody more , which will led to a big layoff , so the unemployment ratewill grow really high and some people will have nothing when in the firstscenario they had at least a minimum wage. Another example is the child labor , it might seem terrible and horrificto some , but as in all the cases there is a strong lake of alternative , inlots of under developed countries there are no schools , so logically a poorfamily will prefer their children to work and help the family budget a littlerather than having them do nothing at home. If big firms no longer use captiveemployees , everything will cost more and the purchasing power will decrease .one last example is with inmates who work and earn in prisons , this helps theeconomy a lot and it also helps the workers to find a job when they finishtheir sentences , the contrary argument is that the prisoners should not profitfrom their punishment , but in fact the money they earn is hard to be seen as aprofit since it is just a couple of cents , and also they have chance to beproductive and help the economy which cannot be seen as a direct profit forthem This explication in neither for or against captive employees , it’s to explainthat if there will be a correction of human and labor rights , all thingsshould be considered and be properly thought. But besides the economic factor ,a slight change in the way that workers are treated can be more productive forboth sides , workers work better when they are well paid , motivated and treated with respect.
This means that ifa company wants to boost its productivity it should be paying more instead ofpaying less , since working a lot does not always mean working productively. Stopping captive employees from working orsetting better conditions for them is agreat development that every country should try to accomplish , but they allshould be aware of the consequences that will follow since the economy andmorals are hard to coexist. The economic factors carry more than the social ones, otherwise the world would be a perfectly legitimate place where everyone hasequal rights.
ResearchAs seen inall this articles , there are several serious problems about the rights of captiveemployees, the goal of this research was to analyze the terrible conditions of employeesall around the world while relating them to human rights and the economicalprospect. It is seen in the results that several companies ignore the humanrights and they use questionablyethnical workers ( like inmates ) to have bigger profits. Human rights makes amarket based on captive employees rightful since it gives them the rights toprotect themselves or the ability to speak out , without human rights therewill be total chaos in the labor market since every owner would act withegocentricity. It is true that money and morals are hard to coexist at the same time ,but this doesn’t mean one should give up completely on the morals or money , itis perfectly possible to create a balance.
It is also true that captiveemployees generally don’t have the courage neither the possibility to defendthemselves , so the human/labor rights can be helpful. And also it is scientifically proventhat workers which are payed more or treated in the proper manners tend to bemore creative , which means that the profit will be higher in the long term. But , it is not sincere nor true to make a generalization about thissubject , there are lots of companies who care about human rights and try tocreate a peaceful environment for their employees.
In this research article ,only a few cases were analyzed , to give a better response all the firms in theworld should be analyzed which is not achievable. Conclusion To conclude ,Human rights or Labor rights are necessary to create a safe environment forworkers , workers should be treated with respect and big companies should notbe taken advantage of them . Some Economic consequences might happen but with empathyand labor rights , there is nothing impossible to achieve. The futureresearches should be based on the associations that are willing to help theseworkers and if they are really helpful , or what can be done more to fix thisproblem since it is clearly seen that what people do now is not enough