Japanese occupation in 1910, Korea peninsular was one united nation which was
under the Joseon dynasty, later called the Korean Empire. The last king of this
500 years ruling dynasty was Sunjong who became powerless within a few years
after Japanese intervention and died a decade later.
1910 to 1945, Japan had annexed Korea as its colony. Under harsh control of
Japanese colonial government which was set up in the peninsular country, Korean
people were suffering from repressing economically, educationally and
traditionally that it holds the anger among Koreans until now. On the other
hand, Japan helped to modernize Korea on infrastructure such as transportation
and communication networks across the country though for its own benefits.
However, the modernization did not seem to outweigh the anti-Japanese feeling
of Koreans at all. After former emperor, Gojong, died in 1919, there was a rage
nationwide called The March First Movement against Japanese ruling. The
Japanese took on a brutal response to the demonstration resulting 47,000
arrests, 7,500 kills and many more wounds. Later, after the Emperor Sunjong
died in 1926, there was another mass rally of anti-Japanese took place in
Seoul. In 1929, a continued uprising of students protesting against Japanese
discrimination led by Korean intellectuals.
many attempts to conquer Japanese annexation, Korea would have wiped out from
the world and replaced with Japan if it had not surrendered in the World War II
after the U.S. bombed their cities. As a result, in 1945, Japan withdrew their
troops from Korea. However, the war had not ended yet for Koreans. It was just
the beginning of the divide of their nation.