BACKGROUND Earlier During this past summer, Young individuals from the Indian tribe of the Cherokee and the Eastern band of the Cherokee biked through Mid Tennessee reflecting and commemorating the 1838 Trail of Tears that passed through the state with thousands of Cherokees being driven from their homes and forcibly moved out to Indian Territory, now present-day Oklahoma. There were 12 individuals from the Cherokee Nation and 8 young individuals from the Eastern Band. The Bike Riders rode over the route heading north of the Trail of Tears. Something else that was interesting ws the the Creek tribe walked with the Cherokee on the northern half of the trail. The Bike Ride was to memorialize the Trail of Tears, which was the result of the fake, illegal Treaty of New Echota signed by an opposing faction of Cherokees with no actual authority to negotiate for the Nation. During the months following up to the indian removal nearby white colonies talk about how they expected resistance, and to be ready to forcibly move those who sought to stay. This isn’t surprising looking back at previous examples, their old Cherokee leader during the 18th century (Dragging Canoe) who led the Native resistance in the southeast. Regardless, Principal Chief John Ross would continue to preach to the Cherokee to attempt to engage in only non-violent resistance. The trail of tears was a mandatory relocation of above 16,000 Cherokees who were rounded up by not only 7,000 soldiers, but 4,000 federal troops, and 3,000 volunteers. On their journey these native americans were thrown and imprisoned in holding cells, stockade style prisons, and concentration camps. The soldiers began driving the people from their homes to the camps in May of 1838. As a result of terrible rations of the food and harsh government enforcement of disgustingly unsanitary conditions, disease swept through all of the camps. It is estimated that over 2,500 Cherokees died in holding pens. Another 1,500 died on the way west. It is said that no one under six or over sixty survived. Most Cherokees arrived in Oklahoma oj March 1839. A strong push for the removal of Native Indians from their dwellings in the Southeastern part of the United States to be relocated and trapped in areas around the Mississippi River that they have labeled as “Indian Territory”. The horrific trek was done by a multitude of different government specialists following the section of the Indian Removal Act in 1830. They harassed, assaulted, tortured, and systematically relocated individuals. Native indians were made to deal with poor living conditions, infection, and starvation while on the way. Those Native Americans that migrated were forced to walk to their homes by state and neighborhood local armies. The Cherokee evacuation in 1838 was rushed into finishing by the disclosure of gold close Dahlonega, Georgia in 1828, starting what would be known as the Georgia Gold Rush. From those who were forced to move about 2,000-6,000 of the 16,543 that were moved died on the way to their final location. In 1830, there was a meeting that took place comprised of the Five Civilized Tribes, that were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole, who at the time were dwelling as independent countries in an area of the United States referred to as the American Deep South. A large number of american immigrants that had come over from the coast had put massive pressure on the national government to get rid of Native Indians from the Southeast; numerous pioneers were moving onto Indian terrains, while others needed more land to be made accessible to white pioneers. Despite the fact that this illegal push was contradicted by many, including U.S. Congressman Davy Crockett of Tennessee, President Andrew Jackson could increase Congressional section of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which was approved which gave the administration the power to remove Indian title to lands in the Southeast. In 1831, the Choctaw turned into the principal Nation to be removed, and their evacuation was used as the model for every single future migration. After two wars in 1832, a very large number of Seminoles were evacuated. The remaining tribes to fall included The Creek in 1834, the Chickasaw in 1837, and the final tribe falling bing the Cherokee in 1838. LEGALBefore 1830, the borders of these self-ruling tribal countries, which involved massive square acres of the United States, were liable, partially because of risk from squatters and the risk of military power. The areas and land controlled by the Indian countries living in what were then known as the “Indian Territories”, which were located west of the Mississippi River soon to become Oklahoma, were settled and run through national bargains with the United States government. The fight for Indian rights and power continued on until intervention from the Supreme Court of the United States gained leverage in the case Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831), where the Cherokee were not seen as sovereign and free country, due to this, they were not qualified for a hearing under the steady gaze of the court. Whilst allot of the Cherokee struggle was taken on during Jackson administration, the actions taken by the Jackson organization were not dismissed on the grounds that state and government authorities had abused and wrongly set up arrangements without result. Jackson’s contribution in what ended up to be known as the Trail of Tears can’t be disregarded. Jackson played a major factor in the trail of tears, and stood by idly as native americans were tortured, murdered, executed, raped, and pillaged, and eventually removed from their homes to be relocated.