B.1.1: If you were asked tosuggest which words women tend to use more than men,and vice versa, could youdo this? If so, note these down.
Are you thinking of certain groups ofwomen/men here? In BNC ( British National Corpus) 10-million-word subcorpus wasrecorded in 1991-1993. The spoken subcorpus, in its turn, is subdivided into a part sampled by demographic methods (the “ConversationalCorpus”) and a part sampled bycontext-governed methods. The Conversational Corpus, consisting of 4,552,555words, was collected by thefollowing method. Ø A market-research firm, the British Market Research Bureau, sampled the populationof the UK (over the age of 15) using well-tried methods of social survey research.Ø Individuals taking partin the project were equipped with a high quality Walkman sound recorder, andrecorded any linguistic transactions in which they engaged during a period of two days. After analyzing the complete data followingpoints come out.· The female speakers have a larger share of the corpus than malespeakers according to number of different measures. Firstly, 75 femalerespondents but only 73 male respondents were enlisted as volunteers toparticipate in the collection of data.
In addition, female speakers overalltook a larger share of the language collected.· Females use more words and long turn takings for collecting thedata. If men speak 100 words the females participants on the other hand speak150 words in their conversation.Accordingto P.Paryson at el.
Females speak different type of word in compare with males.The words which are the more characteristics of men and women are as follows. Words more characteristics of male speech.
Words Fucking the Ey no yeah that The guy right yes okay ah hundred which Fuck three Is two Words morecharacteristics of female speech: Words Cos she Oh her Christmas said Though not Lovely I Nice and Mm to Had did Doing because Him really School B81.2: What overall ‘profile’ of masculine and feminine speech do Tables B8.1.2and B8.1.3 suggest? What do you think about the fact that pronouns tended to beused more by female speakers? B8.1.
3:Do the (quite striking) gender tendencies in use of ‘taboo’ words correspond toyour own experience? ØNumber Words: Men are in the habit of using number words incontrast to women. Men use intensively the number words as hundred, one,two,three,four etc. As shown in table.ØPronouns: Women use more pronouns in theirconversation. They use first person pronouns as I/my/mine/me as well as greateruse of feminine pronouns as she/her/hers.ØPause Markers: Men more likely use thefilled-pause markers as er and certain informal interjections or word-isolatessuch as yeah/ ay/ okay/ ah and hmm. On the other hand females make more use ofyes, mm and really.
ØTaboo Words: Use of taboowords is the most characteristic of men. Taboo word are restricted word in aculture or society. Men are in the habit of using taboo words in theirconversation such as fucking, shit ,hell, crap etc.
Women on the other hand useless taboo words.Ø Tag Questions:In Language and Women place, Robin Lakoff depicted a typicalfemale speech style. In her book she describe that women make more use of tagquestions rather than men. The tag questions are grammatical structures inwhich a declarative is followed by an attached interrogative clause or’TAG’,such as.1. You were missing lastweek ,weren’t you?2.
She is beautiful, isn’tshe? Conclusion: Female and male language have somedifferences which are based on their social differences. As females areconsidered more tender and delicate so they use standard and soft words. Femalemostly use pronouns, adjectives ,tag question, and pause markers. While menmostly use noun words, less pause markers, taboo words and use less turn takings Refrences: JaneSunderlan:Language and Gender,an advance resource book,Robin Lakoff, In Languageand Women place