As the powerful Fidel Castro once said ” If it does not matter how small you are if you have faith and plan of action” (Fidel Castro). Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from mid-1920s until his death in 1953. He was a very effective leader of the state he dictated.
Castro was essentially a true leader, with the mere fact that he made decisions not only with himself in mind. There are a few leaders defined as despotic leaders that come to mind. Claudius, Macbeth, and The Prince are what some consider as a despotic leader, but they could also be a true leader, according to the definition of Machiavelli. There are many ways a leader may be classified as a despot, but there are also many ways where one could be a true leader. Many traits could be shown throughout a leader that define qualities that they would be classified as a despot if true leader. It varies from leader to leader depending on their situation and when they were thrown into their leadership role.
From what many leaders in office, observing you may see that the leader may show both qualities but one will show more eventually and may put people in danger. Leadership is a common term that is difficult to implement but may be easy for one to describe. Leaders may have to make a lot of sacrifices to ensure his people are safe but a despotic leader will not even think about making sure his people are safe, he will do whatever it takes to maintain power. A despotic leader is not a leader that someone would idol. They are a person who is very selfish and makes decisions to keep their power.
What they may do is use brutal force for joy, or for their own sake, and not necessarily for the people’s sake. Living under a despotic ruler you may have very few rights and may not get what you may deserve. There is no doubt that you may fear the government because of the decisions that the despotic leader may make. This is where the ruler is an absolute dictator and does everything for his own sake, not for others. A very arrogant man who just simply has no filter in what he does. One may control a group to control the world or discriminate against another group just because they have the power too. There are many different despotic leadership styles, and many despotic leadership approaches. A despot is never the one prepared to lead.
Obviously a despotic leader needs to be smart in a way, but they are mostly reckless. Despotic leaders normally do not have the qualities of a good leader, some may start off as a true leader but in the end realize that they have a lot of power and turn into a despotic leader. They are never the one to be patient, and they will make a decision before thinking.
They must unite with their citizens to create a stable and happy government. A quote that many find good is “close alliances with despots are never safe for free states” (brainyquote.com). What this means is that being close with a despot is not the safest for a state. A despot will lack communication, and being closed minded, meaning they will not be open to change. Despots will claim they know everything and use their power to their advantage. They will most likely be feared more than loved. In Macbeth, there are many ways he could be considered a despot king.
In all he began as a great leader but in the end he let the power get the best of him and turned into a despotic king. The first real evidence of Macbeth where he shows that he is a tyrant and despotic king is where, he “plots the murder of his son Fleance and Banquo” (Act III, Scene IV). Another way Macbeth shows despotism is “his thoughts about Macduff’s family murdering are another evidence of Macbeth’s despotism” (Act III, Scene IV-VI). Macbeth just evolves into a despotic leader, showing tyrant behavior. Within the whole play he does everything for himself to make his power increase. Macbeth will not make choices to better the state, or people.
In the play Hamlet, the despotic traits are mainly shown by Claudius. Claudius begins as a very good leader until he takes away from his brother and married Gertrude, his sister in law. In short, Claudius was a good king, but a bad person. He had led his country wisely but had made bad decisions personally to affect his name. Claudius is a bad person in many ways when “Claudius killed King Hamlet” (Act I, Scene II). As Hamlet’s uncle, he did not do justice by killing his father and moving on to marry Hamlet’s mother and King Hamlet’s wife. Which essentially is a despotic move and is only for his own sake.
Many other ways Claudius shows he is despotic is how he doesn’t give the people what he wants he only gives himself what he wants. In reality, it is a bad tactic, causing all the citizens to despise him. He poisons his own brother in order to satisfy himself to become the King of Denmark. He betrays his own brother and his nephew causing him to be a despotic leader. In all, he is a serious hypocrite, which most despots are.In The Prince, Machiavelli states, ” a true leader must have the mind of a fox and strength of a lion”. In all to be a true leader you must contain a peaceful mind to fulfill all peoples needs. They must maintain a positive image throughout their leading period to keep the people engaged and happy in what he is doing.
A true leader must try to be loved and feared in all. With being loved you will have people on your side, but have them on their toes knowing that you are not afraid to take action. If the people get to close and love too much it may cause you to fall in a hole and not be able to run your country the right way. The people may revolt against you when you make a wrong decision when they get too close to the way you run the country so well.Only a few leaders can tie with Machiavelli’s definition of a true leader. They are hard to poses, especially if you are known as a despotic leader.
Hitler may be a true leader because according to Machiavelli he states that a leader must be feared and loved. Hitler is in fact loved by his cult of the Nazis, and hated by the Jews and non blue eyed blonde hair residents. So in all, Adolf Hitler is leaned more towards a true leaders because of the circumstances of Machiavelli and his definition of a true leader. Claudius is definitely on the verge of being both a despot for killing King Hamlet and married Gertrude after killing him. Also could be a true leader for how he was before all of the things he did came to play. Macbeth is indefinitely a despotic leader, for his snake like tactics.
Macbeth has been convinced by his wife, Lady Macbeth to kill enemies of hers. He is wrong with foregoing those request of hers causing him to be a hated leader. A tyrant is what a despotic leader necessarily is, or a man that serves with a “fist of iron”. Leaders like these, possess good qualities throughout the beginning of their leading period, but in the final times they end up as a despotic leader doing what’s only good to keep the power they have. It seems to be that a leader starts off good during the beginning, but then realizes the power they have, and they become the despot that all the people despise.
A leader wants to make the people happy first and do what is best for the piece of land they are incharge of before they think of themselves, which creates a true leader.