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Hypertension is the rise of blood pressure above the upper
limit of the normal level according to the age and sex of the individual. Usual
range of Blood Pressure is 70 – 120 mm Hg. At the time of measuring blood
pressure, an individual will get two numeric readings. Medical term of the top numeric
reading is systolic blood pressure and lower numeric reading is the diastolic
blood pressure. If the systolic blood pressure is within 120 mm Hg range and
diastolic blood pressure is within 70 mm Hg range, then it will be considered
as normal blood pressure. According to the American Heart Association, 1 in
every 3 Americans is suffering from hypertension.
Diastolic pressure below 85 mm Hg
This range is considered as normal. It represents that the blood
pressure is well controlled and should be maintained.
Diastolic Pressure within 85 to 89 mm HG
This range represents that blood pressure is Highly Normal.
Individuals should pay attention to reduce the blood pressure below 85 mm Hg.
Diastolic Pressure within 90 to 104 mm Hg
This range represents Mild Hypertension. A person with blood pressure
within this range should start walking and should change the food habit.
Clinical studies suggest that mild diastolic Hypertension can be prevented
just by walking 30 minutes a day and by changing food habit.
Diastolic Pressure within 105 to 114 mm Hg
This range represents Moderate Hypertension and requires immediate
Diastolic Pressure above 115 mm Hg
This range represents Severe Hypertension and requires immediate
Systolic Pressure below 130 mm Hg
This range represents Normal blood pressure and should be maintained.
Systolic pressure within 130 to 159 mm Hg
This range is considered as border line systolic hypertension and
requires immediate medical attention.
Systolic pressure above 160 mm Hg
This range represents isolated systolic hypertension and requires
immediate medical attention.
Major causes of Hypertension are given below:
Hereditary: If your parents had hypertension
then it is probable that you are going to face hypertension in your life span.
So family with previous hypertension history should adopt healthy life style.
Anxiety: Anxiety is one of the major causes for
early aged hypertension. People suffering with anxiety are more prone to be
hypertensives compared to those who are normal. With the flared-up
civilization, prevalence of anxiety is increasing alarmingly.
Age: With age the risk of getting hypertensive
increases. It has been found that people above 35 years of age are more susceptible
Obesity: Obesity is another hypertension
triggering factor. In obese population, hypertension is quite frequently
Smoking: Smoking causes hypertension. Smokers
become hypertensive quickly compared to normal individual. It has been found
that immediately after smoking, the blood pressure of a person go above normal
range. After 20 minutes of the smoking, blood pressure resumes to the normal
Alcohol Consumption: Consumption of excess
alcohol causes hypertension.
Intake of excess salt: Intake of excess salt
also increases the risk of hypertension.
Management of Hypertension:
Treatment should be individualized in the management of
hypertension. Approaches of treatment should be general management and drug
therapy. If you found that your blood pressures is not within the normal range
then please visit your doctor.
General management of hypertension has been found fruitful
and these are as follows:
By reducing the consumption of alcohol: