Angel BlanchardRandi ReedP.E.12/15/17The Effects of Exercise on the Heart Rate and Recovery Time on the Human BodyThe effects of exercise on the heart rate and recovery time on the human body would be important if you were trying to reach a goal such as trying to lose weight, walk more, perform various exercises, etc. In general, exercising is good for the heart because it can boost your immune system and blood flow in the body. When talking about heart rate, the faster you do an exercise as opposed to high cardio, or the harder an exercise strategy is, the faster your heart rate will be. For example, running a marathon will increase your heart rate due to the muscles you are working out such as your legs, arms, etc. Whereas, if you do strenuous exercises as opposed to low cardio, or exercises that doesn’t take much effort, your heart rate will begin to slow down. For example, doing small stretches to decrease your heart rate. Different ways exercise affects the heart rate, is performing high cardio exercising which will increase your pulse rate because the heart has to pump more blood. When exercising the cells in your muscles need more energy to move. When doing low cardio exercises there isn’t as much blood flow and the body doesn’t need as much energy to function properly so your heart rate isn’t going as fast as if you were doing high cardio activity. When your heart rate increases, your body temperature increases as well. Also, when your heart decreases, your body begins to cool off. Recovery time on the human body when talking about exercise, recovery time depends on the amount of exercise whether it is high cardio or low cardio. When you go for a run, lift weights, play any type of sport, or have any extra-curricular activities that involve exercising. Recovery from exercise training is a component of the overall training program and is essential for optimal performance and improvement. If rate of recovery is improved, higher training volumes and intensities are possible without the detrimental effects of overtraining. While recovery from exercise is significant, personal trainers and coaches use different approaches for the recovery process for clients and athletes. Understanding the physiological concept of recovery is essential for designing optimal training programs. As well, individual variability exists within the recovery process due to training status factors of fatigue, and a person’s ability to deal with physical, emotional, and psychological stressors. Muscle recovery occurs during and primarily after exercise and is characterized by continued removal of metabolic end products. During exercise, recovery is needed to reestablish intramuscular blood flow for oxygen delivery, which promotes replenishment of phosphocreatine stores restoration of intramuscular pH and regaining of muscle membrane potential. During post-exercise recovery, there is also an increase in ‘excess post-exercise oxygen consumption’. Other physiological functions of recovery during this phase include the return of ventilation, blood circulation and body temperature to pre-exercise levels. The most rapid form of recovery, termed “immediate recovery” occurs during exercise itself. Bishop and colleagues give an example of a race walker with 1 leg in immediate recovery during each stride. With this phase of recovery, energy regeneration occurs with the lower extremities between strides. As each leg recovers more quickly, the walker will be able to complete the striding task more efficiently.