After reviewing the “significantcontributors to the tradition” section of the chapter, the principles thatseemed to be the most reflected were Rights and Responsibilities, and Optionsfor the Poor and Vulnerable. Significant contributors such as St. Patrick, St.Vincent de Paul, John LaFarge, and many other contributors brought attention tothe issue of human rights, specifically slavery. People have been using slave’sway before the discovery of the Americas and slavery wasn’t abolished until the19th century. The inhumane treatment towards slaves reflected thelack of human rights that they had.
People such as St. Patrick, St. Vincent dePaul and John LaFarge took the responsibilities to speak up and advocate humanrights for everyone. In every society, there is a division between the rich andthe poor, and the number of poor is always increasing.
People such as Catherinede Hueck, Dorothy Day, and many other people put the needs of the poor andvulnerable before theirs. They settled in slums, and understood the strugglesthat these people were going through. By understanding the struggles that otherpeople were facing, they opened up homeless shelters and soup kitchens to easethe struggles that these people were going through. By speaking up for thosewho don’t have a voice and putting those who are in need first helps create amore righteous environment for people to live in. Catherine de Hueck Doherty was born into a wealthy family who were Christians.
During the Russia Revolution in 1917, her home was destroyed and many of herfamily members died. Catherine escaped, and lived in poverty while working to supporther family. She was able to work and become wealthy again by becoming asuccessful lecturer, but that did not make her happy. Catherine sold all herstuff and gave her life to God. She moved to the slums of Toronto and liveamong the poor. The people who understood what she was doing joined her andthis formed the Friendship House. Since this was during the Great Depression, alot of people needed food and clothes. The Friendship house begged for food andclothing to help those in need around them.
Besides providing food and clothingfor the ones in need, they also fought the rising communist by teaching, anddistributing the “The Social Forum” in the newspaper. Although there were a lotof problems that was going on in the world, the problems that Catherine wasfacing at the moment was communism, and people in poverty. She responded to the”signs of times” by providing for the poor and vulnerable, and fighting againstcommunist ideas that were terrorizing the country. The principles of Catholic socialteaching and the various forms of moral reason both work hand in hand to helppeople build a good foundation for a righteous life. The principles of Catholic social teachinghelp guide people to make decisions that would protect human life and enhanceshuman dignity. These principles help clarify those who are confused about moralvalues. There are five forms of moral reasoning; theological or biblical,tradition, philosophical, common human experience and pragmatic. These five reasoningare justifications for moral reasoning.
Although each justification is differentby biblical, theological, philosophical, experimental or pragmatic, humandignity, and fundamental rights and responsibilities are common for all. Byusing these forms of reasoning, people are able to apply them with theprinciples to ensure that they are doing what is right.There are four forms of moral discourse found in tradition. Oneform of moral discourse is the form of narrative.
By using the narrative formof moral discourse, stories are used to send the message and impact someone’slives. One example of narrative discourse besides biblical stories, are the useof fables. Fables are read to younger kids to teach them important lessons.
Thesecond form of moral discourse is prophet. By using the prophet form of moraldiscourse, prophets speak for God on earth. For example, Ezekial is a prophet.He watched over the people in Jerusalem, and sees the horrible things that werehappening. He spoke on behalf of god and told the Jews what they were doingwrong. The third form of moral discourse is ethical.
Ethical discourse help provide reason for moral issues.One example of ethical discourse is political activists. Political activistsare able to identify the unethical activities that the government is doing.Their goal is to increase awareness and get rid of unethical activities. Thelast form of moral discourse is policy.
One example of policy are rules, orlaws. Rules and laws help guide people to let them know what they can do andwhat they cannot do. These forms of moral discourse are related to principlesbecause the principles help offer criteria for action. These forms of moraldiscourse help communicate Catholic social thought, but just by listening to itmight not be enough. But by taking action using the principles, changes can bemade. Out of the four moral discourse, I feel more drawn towards policy. Althoughas a kid I found it hard to listen or understand the rules and laws, as I gotolder I understood the reason why rules existed.
By having a guideline to knowwhat is wrong and right, it helps me know the right decision to make.The first mythological guideline isconvergence, this means to accepting and respecting other cultures. This hasplayed a role in my sense of morality because I know not to discriminate othersbased on their background. I am treating everyone the same, and respectingtheir thoughts and opinions. The second mythological guideline is contrastdenounces acts and structures incompatible with faith and human dignity.
Since Iam a student, I am always learning about acts and structures that go againstfaith and dignity. By bring awareness to these unethical actions, I amspreading the message, I can get other people on board as well. The thirdmethodological guideline is advance acknowledges the evolution of moralpositions within the Bible and in history. This has played a role in my senseof morality because I volunteer at charities to help people who are hungry. Ithink it is important for people to give back to the people because it is our responsibilitieshelp those who are in need. The fourth mythological guideline is socialdimension.
This has impacted my sense of morality because I learned to caremore about others instead of only myself. The fifth methodological guideline isfinality. Finality has played a role in my sense of morality because afterlistening to other people’s stories, I want to help solve their issues andremove them from feeling sad or hurt. The sixth methodological guideline isdiscernment.
By being able to make the right judgement from right and wrong isvery important for people to keep their moral values. Discernment has played arole in my sense of morality by allowing me to make the right decision. Beingable to make the right decision help guide me to live a better life.