According to the definition provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA, 2016), cocaine is a stimulant drug that tends to post severe aftermaths on the health of humans and well-being. This makes it be the most potent stimulant across the globe and produces multiple psychiatric symptoms, syndromes, and disorders (Morton, 1999). Besides, it is the most widely abused drugs on earth and addiction to cocaine is a considerable public health concern with significant medical, environmental, economic, and social cost. This paper, therefore, provides a comprehensive investigation on the meaning and understanding of cocaine. Additionally, the article outlines the effect of cocaine on individual and environments.
As argued by Sabino, Romao, Sodre, Correa, Pinto, Alonso, & Eberlin (2011) cocaine is an illegal drug that is initially extracted from the leaf of the Erythroxylon coca plant that primarily grows in Peru and Bolivia. It is extracted through organic diluters followed by cleansing, liquid-liquid extraction and a final product from freebase cocaine to hydrochloride cocaine. Crack is also another term that is used to represent a mixture of cocaine hydrochloride, baking soda, and other contaminants (Sabino et al., 2011). However, up to present times, cocaine has been categorized as a Schedule II drug. Simon and Kreek (2016) maintain that regardless of the cocaine’s excite-toxic effects, the psychostimulant nature has been used for medical purposes. This employs that for medical providers to treat some medical complications such as local anesthesia for some eye, ear, and throat surgeries can use cocaine.
Separately, cocaine has various effect on people and the entire environment. For one reason it has been used for centuries for recreational purposes. In this case, cocaine has been referred to as the powder, which is found in a white crystalline that can be taken through snoring, smoking, and injection. With this mention, the effects of cocaine depend on the amount consumed. Additionally, being the potent stimulant with multiple impacts on the nervous system (NIDA, 2016), cocaine involves high health risks. For example, the cocaine increases the level of dopamine, which is said to be the neurotransmitter that is linked to the pleasure, movement, and brain functions. In effect, the increase in dopamine production tends to stimulate pleasurable effects such as the smell of pleasant scent. However, excess dopamine increases the well-being, alertness, and brain activity. Moreover, it can temporarily minimize the need for sleep and food, and other users have reported that the drug assists them to efficiently conducting physical and intellectual tasks. However, long-term consumption of cocaine and crack can alter the brain functions.
Simon and Creek (2016) presents another effect that is associated with cocaine to be physiological and psychologic effect. Some of the short-term physiological effects of this drug include increased temperature, dilated pupils, increased blood pressure and heart rate, and constricted blood vessels. Other researchers have revealed that most frequent cocaine users have several clinical manifestations including strokes, seizures, headaches, and even coma. In long-term term psychological effects, cocaine users have reported increased irritability, restlessness, and paranoia.
In conclusion, because cocaine is widely used stimulant with multiple effects. The rate at which it uses should be regulated. In this case, believe that cocaine, when used appropriately and in a small amount, it assists in solving significant clinical and medical conditions that are associated with surgery. Besides, as mentioned above, cocaine is a Schedule II drug that makes it of great importance for medical providers. However, I recommend that it is essential to note that the drug reduces various psychiatric symptoms. These effects include nervousness, distrust, illusions, and violence, as well as suicidal and homicidal thinking, which when not managed properly can deteriorate the entire world.