According by inflicting harm, or indirectly, by failing to

According to NSPCC (2009) domestic abuse
is any type of controlling, bullying, threatening or violence behaviour between
people in a relationship. Domestic abuse can be extremely harmful many children
and younger people. Witnessing domestic abuse is child abuse. Abuse
and neglect are forms of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect
a child either directly by inflicting harm, or indirectly, by failing to act to
prevent harm. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or
community setting; by those known to them; or, more rarely, by a stranger. They
may be abused by an adult or adults, or another child or children.  There are five types of child abuse.

to Department of Children and Youth Affairs (2011)
neglect is an omission, where the child suffers significant harm or impairment
of development by being deprived of food, clothing, warmth, hygiene, medical
care, intellectual stimulation supervision and safety, attachment to and
affection from adults. Physical abuse is any form of non-accidental injury
which results from wilful or neglectful failure to protect a child. Emotional
abuse is when a child’s needs for affection, approval, consistency and security
are not met. Sexual abuse is when a child is being used by another person for
his or her gratification or sexual arousal or for that of others.

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to Safe Ireland (2015) “domestic violence is the physical, emotional, sexual or mental abuse of one
person by another within close, intimate or family relationship.” Unicef
(2006) reviewed existing studies that measure violence in the home in various
countries. The
numbers estimated by the research are staggering. Over 275 million children internationally
are open to violence in their own homes. There is a common link between
domestic violence and child abuse. Among the victims of child abuse, 40 per
cent of children have reported seeing domestic violence in their own home. One
report from America found that children who were exposed to violence in their
homes were 15 times more likely to be physically and/or sexually assaulted than
the national average. I now want to discuss the Irish statistics on children
and domestic violence.