Abby Hoyland ENG 3U1Mrs. BoivinJanuary 7th, 2017Power Over The Societies In 1984 by George Orwell and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley Power and control are very important to today’s world leaders and leader who lived in the past. Some would say that it is almost too important. Many authors have written dystopian fiction novels based on their opinion of what the future could be if they continue down this path. The novel 1984 by George Orwell and the novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley both portray totalitarian governments that rule over the people with complete control. Both of the governments depicted have heavy control over their citizens which results in loss of human emotion and individual thinking. They do this by means of advanced technology, psychological control, and keeping information from the general public in order to keep the conformity and peace within the population. The technology in both societies is highly advanced and is used in favour of the government’s wants and their goals of complete control. Although the technology in each society that was developed is different, it is used in the same way of reaching that goal. In 1984, the main way technology is used is to monitor every little thing the citizens do. Whether it be their actions or thoughts, telescreens and the Thought Police capture everything. This is shown by many quotes in 1984. One being, “It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself – anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality, of having something to hide.” (Orwell 65). This shows how the people are under constant surveillance when they are at work, social events or even just in their own houses and are punishable by death if they step out of line. It also shows how scared the main character is of the entire living situation. In this society, the people are manipulated by the presence of technology and turn in anybody to the police who is acting ‘suspicious’. This includes everyone. Even if that means parents, family members or close friends. However, in the society of Brave New World people are not even given the chance to rebel. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley the people are produced in bottles. The advanced technology, in this society, is used to make a new population that is, literally, bred to be compliant. Through the process of making these babies, they only use eggs that are ‘worthy’ and throw all other eggs away. Children are made clones by the process Bokanovsky and people grow up only knowing what they’ve been taught by the government workers.This quote shows the leader of the London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre praising the methods that are used to clone babies. “”Ninety-six identical twins working ninety-six identical machines!” The voice was almost tremulous with enthusiasm. “You really know where you are. For the first time in history.” He quoted the planetary motto. “Community, Identity, Stability.” Grand words. “If we could bokanovskify indefinitely the whole problem would be solved.”” (Huxley 35). The technology is used in a way that goes against all human rights, just as the technology was used in 1984. The slogan of this society, ‘Community, Identity, Stability’, is also shown in this quote. It is very revealing, that the government has no goals of achievig true happiness and peace. The people in this society have no thoughts for themselves and are raised in a way that just makes them believe they are happy. Psychological control is also used in both societies by the differing governments in order to keep the peace and conformity. In the government of the book 1984, people are controlled by overwhelming propaganda and also, the feeling of constantly being watched weighs heavily on the minds of the citizens making them afraid and forced into conforming. The government uses the symbol of Big Brother and say he is everywhere and always watching them to terrify the citizens. The words “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” are posted all over the country and are virtually everywhere they turn. “Winston kept his back turned to the telescreen. It was safer, though, as he well knew, even a back can be revealing.” (Orwell 6). This quote shows that the people are scared enough that they would never rebel. There is a false hope of a so-called Brotherhood that aims to overthrow the government. However, most people are so far into the government’s plans that they report anyone who speaks of it. Thus giving the government what they want. Which is total control. This way of control is also used in the society created by Aldous Huxley in Brave New World. The government in Brave New World uses a lot of psychological torture and psychological propaganda. The governmental leaders and workers in the Hatching and Conditioning Centres feed hypnopaedic messages to all the children in the centres. Even into adult ages, people are still forced to listen to hypnopaedic messages. “All conditioning aims that: making people like their unescapable social destiny.” (Huxley 16). These messages, as the quote shows, are fed to the people through all stages of life. It makes them compliant to whatever job the government has in store for them and gives them a feeling that mimics contentment. Also, soma, a drug made by the government, is used to create a facade of happiness by taking away any sense of sadness or discomfort that is normal for humans to feel. The citizens never feel the need to rebel as they never realize anything is wrong with the way they are living. They are constantly encouraged to distract themselves with new material items, as well as sex. Although, this is vastly different from the psychological control that is found in 1984 because the people believe they are happy. However, in the society of 1984, people are aware that they are unhappy and are almost willing to break rules to feel some sense of happiness. Lastly, the suppression of information is very important to both governments. They both use this method in order to keep the citizens of their societies in the dark as to how they are being treated. It also keeps the past a secret in order to keep peace within the population as they would not know anything is wrong with the society that they are living in. In 1984, there is a lot of times where they mention that everything from the past is changed in order to fit what the governments wants to do. “And so it was with every class of recorded fact, great or small. Everything faded away into a shadow-world in which, finally, even the date of the year had become uncertain.” (Orwell 9). This quote clearly shows that the government hides the majority of information from the citizens, to the point where they do not know the year it is at that moment. It is also said that whoever controls the present, controls the past. This is a very true statement and applies to both 1984 and Brave New World. It shows very well the overall themes of both books in the way that these governments hide anything and everything that they feel the need to, in order to fulfill the original goal. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, the governments suppresses, virtually, all information from the public except for what they want people to know and think. The people growing up in the New World are raised in bottles and have no way to access information about the past. “Books and loud noises, flowers and electric shocks–already in the infant mind these couples were compromisingly linked; and after two hundred repetitions of the same or a similar lesson would be wedded indissolubly. What man has joined, nature is powerless to put asunder.” (Huxley 4). This quote shows that from birth, infants are taught that books and normal happy things are bad. Not only that, but because of the hypnopaedic messages, soma, as well as normal propaganda they have no desire to even learn about the past societies. The people feel as if they are happy and don’t think the government is doing anything that could be considered wrong. The citizens are completely blind to what the totalitarian government has planned and already succeeded in doing. Which is, to take away all of their normal human rights and replace them with whatever morals the government decides. In conclusion, both governments from the dystopian fiction novels, 1984 by George Orwell and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, gained complete control over their citizens by using advanced technology, psychological control and propaganda, as well as keeping information hidden from the general public. This took away any normal emotion and individual choice, allowing both the governments to rule over their people without any questions asked.