A. We are so used with the idea ofgender roles, we are simply not aware how inaccurate it really is. 1. Children starts to learn aboutgender stereotyping as early as the age of 2! (Knorr, 2017)a. Children learnt how one shouldbehave according to their gender through toys their parents bought andtelevision shows they watch (Knorr, 2017)b. Throughout their journey of growinginto adulthood, they are bound by the images that deters how one ought tobehave.
c. For example, ‘Snow White’ and’Hercules’ have given out silent messages that women should do house chores andmen need to be strong. d. I’m not denying the fact that thereare many kid’s shows that defy gender stereotyping like ‘Doc Mcstuffin’ whereher father is a househusband and her mother is a doctor, yet how many cancompete with the abundance number of television shows that promote genderstereotyping?2. The belief of gender stereotypingdiffers from one culture to another.a.
Something that is vastly promoted isseen differently through the eyes of people from different part of the world.b. For example, it is normal forMiddle-Eastern people to wear a long robe for both men and women but if it wereto be applied in the other part of the world, it would seem taboo for thelocals. (Transition: After explaining how inaccurategender roles is, I will touch on how dangerous gender roles can be)B. Gender roles causes one’scapabilities to be limited.
1. Eagly and Karau (2002) came up withrole incongruity theory that has two aspects, one, descriptive expectations,where one gender is expected to act accordingly to their gender and second,normative associations and evaluations of behaviour, what is Deemed appropriateor inappropriate behaviour. (Eckes, 2004)2.
Jobs are categorized into twodifferent classes; masculine and feminine. a. Jobs like soldiers, engineers andtop management positions in a company are considered more suitable for menwhile in the other hand jobs such as nurses, teachers and secretaries are morecorrelated to women.
b. This, in a subtle way, may expressthe idea that opposite gender may not have successful outcome if they were towork in the work field contrary to society’s expectations. 3. One may be at a disadvantage evenfrom the early stage of applying for a job.a.
Imagine this, a situation where botha man and a woman are applying for a top-notch position in a company. Thewoman, have all the qualifications and job experiences. Then, there’s the man,who have fewer qualifications and job experiences compare to the woman. Yet,they still hire the man over the woman because they believe that men are moresuitable to be leaders rather than women.b.
Clearly, this shows that peopleassume one personality trait and behaviour through their gender, which isclearly wrong as gender does not explain your credibility and qualifications. 4. Gender expectations in work fieldmay cause someone to perform less than what they are capable of doing. a. Stereotype threat may happen whenone is aware of stereotypes in that particular field, they may intentionallyreduce their performance to avoid outperforming the opposite gender. (Steeleand Aronson, 1995).
b. Burton et al. (2009) claimed that due to role incongruity, women are at adrawback in the employment market for supervision positions due to threereasons; one, the normative gender roles in attribution where women areexpected to attribute much less leadership ability than men, two, the nature ofpreference where it is less desirable for masculine leadership performance froma woman than that from a man, and three, role appropriation causes reduction ofself-confidence as it was to be understood ‘she may not perform correctly’.c. This may cause someone to not usetheir full potential and ability as they believe their hard work is unworthy asat the end of the day, they would still be labelled according to their gender.
(Transition: Now, we see how gender stereotypes may be able tojeopardize one’s future, would you believe me if I say it could ruin one’spresent as well?)