1. Discuss the early roots of slaveryin the colonies. Why was it needed and what was the process of an African in Africabecoming a slave in America?Slavery is an exercise that has its roots in the early colonieswith the origin dating back to the scramble for Africa which was the source ofthe slavery. Illustratively, American slavery began as the profitablesolution to an economic problem (Divine, 57). It dates back to the sixteenand seventeen centuries when there was an introduction of enslaved African intothe colonies. It is clear that it is clear that economics played the crucialrole in the introduction of slavery into British North America (Divine 65).Further, the root of the trade was mainly associated the English colonialistwho was the chief perpetrators.
They acquired as many slaves as they couldand justified their purchases by claiming that they were rescuing the Africansfrom barbarism and heathenism (Divine 69).The main reason for the existence of slavery is the need to supplycheap labor n the plantation in America and Brazil. About 90 percent of the10 million people taken from Africa were carried to the sugar plantations inBrazil and the West Indies (Divine 70). The process of an African in Africabecoming a slave in America is accelerated by the fact that the price of theslaves was high and it was the Tobacco and rice plantations in North Americacould afford them.
2. Why were women being accused ofbeing witches in the New Salem? What ended happening to them?Women were accused of being witches in the New Salem due to thewidespread cases of witchcraft in the region that had gain roots. After thedeath of twenty victims, the panic subsided, and a shocked community confessedits guilt (Divine 72).
The reason why women were victims of the accusationwas due to the belief that was carried for the origin of the slave were therewere beliefs of women being witches. The allegation was correct because thecommunity later confessed to the instances of witchcraft and the women mainlyconducted it.After the confession and the proven existence of the witches in theNew Salem, there was a need to ensure their practice is terminated. The vicehad been in existence for a long time, and although witches had been arrestedand executed before 1691, there had never been a case when so many people wereinvolved (Divine, 73). After the death of twenty victims, the panicsubsided and shocked community confessed its guilt (Divine,75).3.
The Spanish had remained in Americaeven though their gold expeditions were not a successful as imagined. What wasSpanish experience like as the colonies were growing?Even though the Spanish did not succeed in the process of exploringgold that saw their main interest during the scramble for the American land,they remain in the colonies had continued to extend their influence within theregion. Just like many colonies, Spanish experience challenges related to theinflux of other powers into the region and hence resulting in more pressure forcontrol of resources and territories. The English overpowered the othercolonial powers and took control of most of current America.
However, theinfluence of the Spanish in the region is evident in the Southwest parts of thecountry where they had massive followings. The Spanish established missions,churches, and military outposts, which defined the character of many Southwesterncities (Divine,83).Further, since the Spanish colonialist who came to the regionwere single men they mingled with the natives, and at the end, children withmixed origin were born (Divine, 85). Notably, despite the slow adoption ofthe Spanish culture in the region it grew to become the language that is usedon the Southwestern side of the country. Therefore, the Spanish contributed tothe use of the language by influencing the adoption of their culture in theregion and hence cementing its borderlines. 4. The Enlightenment movement in Europealso affected the early British colonies.
In what ways were the middle classinfluenced?In America, the impact of the Enlightenment was not radicle ascompared to the other regions including the British and other colonies. The European Enlightenment, the American colonialversion was less radical.’ Many Americans, the appeal of the Enlightenmentwas its focus on a search for useful knowledge, ideas, and inventions thatwould improve the quality of human life” (divine, 88). Moreover, It’is becauseit did not affect the cultural and the religious position of the people in theregion.
However, it introduced various changes that had an impact on the middleclass which forms the majority of the population. The influence ofenlightenment includes the embrace of education, science, and technology amongthe middle class.Enlightenment had the impact of creating a consolidated society inwhich the all the members are required to corporate regardless of theirethnicity. It also led to the increased competition for natural resources sinceit created the need to get financial empowerment in the community.
Additionally, it led to the introduction of new methods of doing common workwithin the society hence resulting in the change of lifestyle in the middleclass. Despite the enlightenment being relatively slow in America it wasresponsible for the change in the composition and integration of the community.